The Moon Landing Hoax Conspiracy Essay

The Moon set downing fraud contention is still apparent after 36 old ages. On July 20th. 1969 our lives changed everlastingly. This was non due to any black event that took topographic point here on Earth. but an astonishing event that took topographic point in the celestial spheres. when the first adult male walked on that fantastic thing people had gazed at and wondered about for centuries – the Moon. Our universe was altering at that clip in springs and bounds. It was a clip of eternal possibilities. Many people think of this as a Moon set downing fraud or the first adult male on the Moon fraud. In malice of all the grounds to the reverse. some people still believe that the landing of a adult male on the Moon was a fast one of telecasting.

Shadows on the Moon

One of the statements from sceptics to confirm the Moon set downing hoax theory involves the shadows that illuminated from the lunar surface when the images that were sent back to us. They argue that if this is non a fraud. why is it that facts about the Moon province there are no shadows in infinite. This statement about this Moon set downing fraud comes from trusters that feel the Sun is the lone beginning of visible radiation in the existence. When you think of the Moon. you must see that the Sun is non the lone beginning of visible radiation on the Moon and that the lunar surface reflects its ain visible radiation which illuminates all things on the surface. Therefore there is no acceptance in the theory of a Moon set downing fraud.

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The Fluttering Flag

Another portion of the Moon set downing fraud theory trades with the American flag. The image that was sent back showed this flag fliting as in a air current. Some trusters in the Moon set downing fraud feel that this was cogent evidence that this image had been taken on Earth and non the consequence of a Moon landing. The fact that the flag wavers in the air current when there is no air current on the Moon could impart some grade of credibleness to the belief that this was a fraud. However. experts. in an effort to support the landing against the Moon set downing fraud theory explained that a vacuity has no clash. On the Moon things don’t stop traveling every bit rapidly as they do on Earth. so when the spacemans got the flag attached to the surface and straightened. it stayed at that place longer than what we are accustomed to. Hence the image was taken with the flag wave is proof that the Moon set downing fraud theory is wrong.

Driving the Wanderer

The images of the spacemans driving the Rover besides proved to many that this was a Moon set downing fraud However. the projection of the velocity of a movie demoing the spacemans driving in the Moon proves that it truly did go on. There were no clouds of dust rinsing from the tyres of the Rover because Moon dust returns straight to the surface. Therefore it was non possible back in 1969 to hold this type of controlled environment in which to expose a Moon set downing fraud.

Several scientists of the 1970ss. and even modern scientists of today. believe the engineering of the clip period was non advanced plenty for adult male to travel to infinite. In add-on. they besides believe several elements. including radiation belts. solar air current. and cosmic beams would hold made such a trip impossible.

Bill Kaysing ( 1922-2005 ) graduated from the University of Southern California with a B. A. in English and. from 1957. worked in proficient publications at Rocketdyne. [ 1 ] the company which built the F-1 engines used on the Saturn V projectile. Reportedly described by his girl as “a self-supporting vagabond” . Kaysing left Rocketdyne in 1963 for a new life as a free-lance author. bring forthing books on such topics as inexpensive feeding and life on houseboats. [ 2 ] In 1974 Kaysing released his self-published book We Never Went to the Moon: America’s Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle * [ 3 ] [ 4 ] . get downing the true Moon fraud motion.

Kaysing ( and others. including Sibrel ) claim that. harmonizing to that a Rocketdyne company study from the late fiftiess. [ 5 ] the opportunity of a successful landing on the Moon was calculated to be 0. 0017 ( 1 in 600 ) . Kaysing claimed in peculiar that the F-1 projectile engine used in the first phase of the Saturn V was excessively undependable: … the Air Force had 13 back-to-back failures with the Atlas D. E. and F in the summer and autumn of 1963. This was at the clip when the F-1. a much larger engine. was under intensive development. My point is this: if the Atlas couldn’t achieve dependability after about a decennary of development. how could a far larger and more powerful projectile engine be successful? [ 3 ]

Kaysing besides said that if five F-1 engines had really been used. “it would hold been a most dramatic fire bomb. ” [ 3 ] . alternatively claiming that 72 hours before the launch of a Saturn V. B-1 projectile engines ( more dependable but lower push ) were put within the big F-1 engines. [ 3 ] However. while F-1 development was debatable. peculiarly due to burning instability. [ 6 ] the jobs were solved in the early sixtiess. [ 7 ] and by June 1965 it had been test-fired 1. 000 times. [ 8 ] No ‘B-1’ engine was of all time built.

The development of the Atlas supporter was likewise troubled. but records do non demo the 13 back-to-back failures of the Atlas that Kaysing claims. [ 9 ] It was subsequently used to launch Mercury flights into infinite with a 100 per centum success record. and besides launched legion orbiters and remote-controlled infinite investigations: the Atlas-F mentioned had 22 failures. but besides 79 successful launches. [ 10 ] Kaysing claimed that the purportedly Moon-bound Apollo spacemans did non even travel into orbit: the Saturn V changed class during the launch. dropped the crew in the South polar sea. and so crashed. Communications traffic would be faked at NASA Greenbelt in Washington DC. and the lunar telecasting broadcasts would be filmed at Norton Air Force Base in San Bernardino. California. or possibly Area 51 in Nevada. [ 11 ] He suggests a “coalition between authoritiess at the highest level” to hide. amongst other things. the Moon fraud. [ 11 ] Kaysing claimed that two NASA applied scientists admitted that the landing was a fraud: I received a call from a Margaret Hardin of Portland. Oregon.

She said that she had met a Hooker in Reno in 1970 who admitted to her that two NASA applied scientists told her the Moon trips were a fraud. [ 3 ] Kaysing contacted Hardin straight in February 1976 and he was “shocked” when she denied cognizing anything about the applied scientists or the fraud. Kaysing besides claimed to hold met an air hose captain who saw a bid faculty being dropped from a lading plane for a faked ‘splashdown’ . but was unable to supply their name or air hose. [ 12 ] Kaysing subsequently sued [ 13 ] Apollo spaceman Jim Lovell for libel. after Lovell reportedly said of Kaysing: [ 14 ] ”The cat is cockamamie. His place makes me experience angry. We spent a batch of clip acquiring ready to travel to the Moon. We spent a batch of money. we took great hazards. and it’s something everybody in the state ought to be proud of. ”In 1997 a justice dismissed the instance [ 15 ] [ 4 ] . Bart SibrelBart Sibrel. film maker and ego proclaimed fact-finding journalist. created a documental movie A amusing thing happened on the manner to the Moon.

Sibrel claims that the Moon landings provided the US Government with a public distraction from the Vietnam War. [ 16 ] with lunar activities halting suddenly and planned missions canceled. around the same clip that the U. S. ceased its engagement in Vietnam. However. that averment is non chronologically right. because the cancellations of the ulterior flights occurred during the budgeting procedure in 1970 and 1971. when the War was still ramping ; and the last mission flew in December 1972. when the war was still a major ongoing struggle.

One of Sibrel’s most important claims is that: In my research at NASA I uncovered. deep in the archives. one mislabeled reel from the Apollo 11. first mission. to the Moon. What is on the reel and on the label are wholly different. I suspect an editor put the incorrect label on the tape 33 old ages ago and no newsman of all time had the motivation to be every bit thorough as I. It contains an hr of rare. unedited. colour telecasting footage that is dated by NASA’s ain atomic clock three yearss into the flight. Identified on camera are Neil Armstrong. Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin. and Michael Collins. They are making multiple takes of a individual shooting of the mission. from which merely about 10 seconds was of all time broadcast.

Because I have uncovered the original unedited version. erroneously non destroyed. the picture taking proves to be a cagey counterfeit. Truly! It means they did non walk on the Moon! However. the website Clavius. org says that analysis of the footage and mission transcripts indicates that the spacemans were practising for their approaching unrecorded telecast to the universe from infinite. for which they had non been able to practise in front of clip. [ 17 ] A new docudrama entitled Lunar Legacy. [ 18 ] besides challenges the Sibrel claim by demoing conclusive grounds that original Apollo footage demoing Earth from several thousand stat mis beyond the Van Allen radiation belts. was omitted from Sibrel’s picture. Had the NASA footage been included. it would hold contradicted Sibrel’s primary statement that Earth was filmed in a delusory mode by the Apollo 11 spacemans in low Earth orbit.

Sibrel [ 19 ] and Aron Ranen claim that Wernher Von Braun was complicit in the fraud. roll uping samples to be used as the footing for ‘Moon rocks’ during his trip to Antarctica in 1967.

Sibrel made repeated demands over several old ages that Apollo 11 Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin swear an curse on the Bible that he had walked on the Moon. or admit that it was all a fraud. Aldrin ignored Sibrel. and in September 2002. Sibrel approached Aldrin and a immature female comparative as they were go forthing a edifice. and called Aldrin “…a coward and a prevaricator and a thief…” . [ 20 ] Aldrin punched Sibrel in the face. strike harding him backwards. Aldrin subsequently said that he had felt forced to support himself and his comrade ( Sibrel was about half Aldrin’s age and instead taller and larger ) . Sibrel suffered no lasting hurt ; in fact. instantly after being hit. he turned to the camera operator and asked. “Did you get that on camera? ”

The Beverly Hills constabulary investigated the incident. but no charges were filed. CBS News studies that “witnesses have come frontward saying that they saw Sibrel sharply poke Aldrin with a Bible and that Sibrel had lured Aldrin to the hotel under false pretences so that he could interview him. ” [ 21 ] Apollo 14 Lunar Module Pilot Ed Mitchell says that when Sibrel came to his place with false History Channel certificates. he did curse to the veracity of the Moon landings on Sibrel’s Bible. [ 22 ] [ 23 ] [ edit ] William BrianWilliam Brian is an applied scientist and writer of the self-published book “Moongate: Suppressed Findingss of the U. S. Space Program” .

Brian reportedly [ 24 ] [ 25 ] claims that “the Moon’s surface gravitation is 64 per centum of the Earth’s surface gravitation. non the one-sixth ( or 16. 7 per centum ) value predicted by Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation! ” . [ 26 ] He does non challenge that spacemans visited the Moon. but claims that “the movie velocity was adjusted to decelerate down the action to give the feeling that the spacemans were lighter than they really were. With the slow-motion effects. objects would look to fall more easy and the populace would be convinced of the Moon’s weak gravitation. ” [ 26 ] However. sing even a moderate sum of video footage of the landings efficaciously disproves this theory. Merely highly edited cartridge holders appear natural when sped up.

David PercyDavid Percy. Television manufacturer and expert in audiovisual engineerings and member of the Royal Photographic Society. is co-author. along with Mary Bennett of Dark Moon: Apollo and the Whistle-Blowers ( ISBN 1-898541-10-8 ) and co-producer of What Happened On the Moon? . He is the chief advocate of the “whistle-blower” accusal. reasoning that the mistakes in the NASA exposures in peculiar are so obvious that they are grounds that insiders are seeking to ‘blow the whistle’ on the fraud by intentionally infixing mistakes that they know will be seen. [ 27 ] [ edit ] Ralph ReneRalph Rene is an discoverer and ‘self taught’ technology fan. Writer of NASA Mooned America ( 2nd edition ASIN: B0006QO3E2 ) .

[ edit ] Other proponents•Charles T. Hawkins. writer of How America Faked the Moon Landings. •Philippe Lheureux. Gallic writer of Moon Landings: Did NASA Lie? . and Lumieres sur La Lune ( Lights on the Moon ) : La NASA a t-elle menti! .

•James M. Collier ( d. 1998 ) American journalist and writer. manufacturer of the picture Was It Merely a Paper Moon? in 1997.

•Jan Lundberg a technician for Hasselblad.

•Jack White American exposure historian known for his effort to turn out counterfeit in exposures related to the blackwash of U. S. President John F. Kennedy.

•Marcus Allen ( publishing house ) – British publishing house of Nexus magazine said that exposure of the Lander would non turn out that the US put work forces on the Moon. “Getting to the Moon truly isn’t much of a job – the Russians did that in 1959 – the large job is acquiring people at that place. ” [ 28 ] •Aron Ranen directed Did we travel? ( co-produced with Benjamin Britton and selected for the 2000 “New Documentary Series” Museum of Modern Art. NYC. the 2000 Dallas Video Festival Awards and the 2001 Digital Video Underground Festival in San Francisco ) . He received a Golden Cine Eagle and two families from the National Endowment for Arts.

•Clyde Lewis. wireless talk show host. [ 29 ] •Dr. David Groves ( who works for Quantech Image Processing ) and worked on some of the NASA exposure. He said he can nail the exact point at which the artificial visible radiation was used. Using the focal length of the camera’s lens and an existent boot. he has calculated ( utilizing ray-tracing ) that the unreal visible radiation beginning is between 24 and 36 centimeter to the right of the camera. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] •Joe Rogan [ 32 ] •Daniel J. Baxter – Amateur movie maker•Barry Young•Peter Bown – harmonizing a web site he is a senior school natural philosophies instructor and portion clip lensman in England [ 33 ] [ edit ] People accused of engagement in the hoax•Deke Slayton. NASA Chief Astronaut in 1968: Some fraud advocates ( for illustration. the ‘NASA Scam ‘ [ 34 ] web site. and Clyde Lewis [ 35 ] ) say that Slayton was one of the primary leaders of the fraud. He visited the movie set of 2001: A Space Odyssey. in the UK. which he referred to as “NASA East” .

•Michael J Tuttle: Some fraud advocates say that he took the occupation of bring forthing bogus exposure in 1994. [ 36 ] Prior to the widespread handiness of the cyberspace. merely a little subset of the exposures presently in being were seen. Sam Colby claims that many of the exposures were created in the mid 1990s.

•Stanley Kubrick. and his younger brother Raul Kubrick are accused of holding produced much of the footage for Apollo 11 and 12. [ 29 ] It has been claimed. without any grounds. that in early 1968 while 2001: A Space Odyssey ( which includes scenes taking topographic point on the Moon ) was in post-production. NASA in secret approached Kubrick to direct the first three Moon landings. In this scenario the launch and splashdown would be existent but the ballistic capsule would hold remained in Earth orbit while the bogus footage was broadcast as “live” from the lunar journey. Kubrick did engage Frederick Ordway and Harry Lange. both of whom had worked for NASA and major aerospace contractors. to work with him on 2001. Kubrick besides used some 50mm f/0. 7 lenses that were left over from a batch made by Zeiss for NASA.

•Douglas Trumbull. a ocular effects interior decorator on 2001: A Space Odyssey. is accused of taking the particular effects squad for the faking of the Apollo 11 and 12 missions. [ 29 ]

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