The human brain is made of three fundamental parts: the forebrain, midbrain, and hindbrain. The forebrain comprises of thalamus and hypothalamus. The midbrain comprises of the tectum and tegmentum.
The hindbrain is made of the cerebellum, pons and medulla which are all termed the brainstem. Brainstem is segment of the brain, consistent with diencephalon above and spinal cord below. .It relays messages between spinal cord and brain, and from cranial nerves to cerebrum. Moreover, the brainstem helps control heart rate,breathing rate, pulse, hearing, taste as well as other senses. Midbrain Located at upper end of brainstem and connects pons, and cerebellum with cerebrum. It functions as the site of emergence of cranial nerves and is involved with visual reflexes, movement of eyes, focusing of lens and dilation of pupils. Cerebellum is situated behind pons, in back area of cranial pit.
It is made out of the cerebral cortex, two lareal lobes, focal flocculonodular lobes,medial vermis, some profound nuclei. The cerebellum processes coordination of muscles, adjust, , timing and body positions moreover, it tactiles data utilized by the motor frameworks. Cerebrum largest piece of the brain is partitioned into left and right sides isolated into cerebral projections.
Likewise contains cerebral cortex the grey matter, white matter, basal ganglia, diencephalon it functions in controlling of willful movements , facilitates mental activity and it is a community for all cognizant living. Cerebral lobes are divided into frontal lobed required for motor control of willful action and control of enthusiastic articulations as well as good behaviour. Parietal lobes required for senses and taste. Transient lobes required with hearing, balance, feeling, memory. Occipital lobe sorted out for vision and related types of articulation.
Limbic lobe is involved with emotions, behavioral articulations and smell. Hypothalamus mass is underneath the thalamus and shapes floor and part of horizontal dividers of third ventricle. Most astounding incorporating place for autonomic sensory system. It controls the majority of endocrine framework through its association with the pituitary organ.
Furthermore Directs body temperature, water adjust, rest wake designs, nourishment consumption, behavioral reactions related with feelings.