The 1960’s generation was the largest and best educated in American history. The Civil Rights Movement, struggles of minorities and the Vietnam War all contributed to this. These conflicts and changes helped make the United States what it is today. The Civil Rights Movement changed the nation in many ways. It was a movement that helped African Americans obtain equal rights. The movement started in 1954 and ended in 1968. Rosa Parks sparked the start of the Civil Rights Movement when she refused to give up her seat on a bus and was later arrested.
Blacks were required move to the back of the bus when no seats were available for whites. African Americans achieving equal rights changed the nation because it gave everybody an opportunity to succeed. It also affected the nation because for the first time it prohibited discrimination in public employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. The Civil Rights Movement changed the world for the better. Schools were no longer segregated. All people could attend college. Everyone could also get a well-paying job regardless of the color of their skin. All races could rise out of poverty and make a better life for themselves.
Also, the movement brought the United States together. Everyone is entitled to the live the “American Dream!” The Civil Rights Movement provides opportunities for all. May 6, 1960 the Civil RIghts Act is passed. It allowed judges to appoint people to help blacks register to vote.
Our nation was forever changed due to the VIetnam War. The twenty year war was a very bloody and costly war. More than two million lives were lost.
These soldiers were family members, friends and loved ones to United States citizens. Hundreds of thousands of children were left without parents. The United States economy was severely damaged due to the Vietnam War.
The US spent over $168 billion on the war. The war also weakened American people’s faith and confidence in their governments. The public did not trust of the government, especially in military decisions after the war. Also, hundreds of thousands of veterans suffered psychological after effects. This was very costly for the United States. The VIetnam War also helped to lower the voting age to eighteen.
Men could be drafted and forced to risk their lives but weren’t allowed to vote during the Vietnam War. Therefore, the 26th Amendment to the constitution was ratified on July 1, 1971. The draft also became highly controversial during the Vietnam War. It was said that it failed to address unfair discrimination against the low-educated and low- income class.
President Nixon signed a new law to end the draft and put in the selective service structure in the early 1970s. On January 27, 1973 the United States shifted to an all-volunteer force and no further draft.