The questions surrounding death hasbeen around since the creation of life itself. At some point in time everyhuman being thinks or wonders about what happens after they die. Initiallyscience have said that death is the end but religious texts have provided someinsights as to what happens after humans pass on.
The theories of what happensafter death varies across religion but they possess some similarities. Belowtwo religious prospective are viewed and how they compare to science. Hinduism According to Hinduism, death is notthe end, it’s another stage in the cycle for the soul. Hindus believe inreincarnation which is the rebirth of the same soul in another body based onthe past actions of that soul (Karma). The soul according to the Bhagavad Gita isan entity which cannot be destroyed.
“SriKrishna said: O Arjuna, Just as boyhood, youth & old age are attributed tothe soul & the embodied soul continuously passes through these cycles,similarly the embodied soul passes into another body at death. The wise mandoes not get deluded & bewildered with such a change” (Bhagavad Gita:Chapter 2 verse 13).The verse above simply states that the after death, the soul leaves theold body and enters a new one.
“O Arjuna, Thesoul is never born nor dies at any time. Soul has not come into being, does notcome into being, and will not come into being. Soul is unborn, eternal,ever-existing and primeval. Soul is not slain when the body is slain”(BhagavadGita: Chapter 2 verse 20).The above verse describes the soul as being indestructible.
It says thatit was always there and cannot be destroyed. It passes on from body to body.This description is similar to Einstein’s law of the conservation of energywhich states that energy cannot be created nor destroyed but only transferredfrom one form to another. In simple terms the soul is a form of energyaccording to the Bhagavad Gita.
Reincarnation is very difficult to prove. Dr. Ian Stevenson, a formerProfessor of psychiatry dedicated his career to finding evidence ofreincarnation. Over his career, he has claimed to have found over 3,000examples of reincarnation. He conducted a study which he titled ‘Birthmarks andBirth defects corresponding to wounds on deceased persons’. From his study, hestated that about 35% of children who claimed to remember past lives possessedbirthmarks and or birth defects.
He also stated that in 43 of 49 cases in whicha medical document was obtained, it confirmed the correspondence between woundsand birthmarks or birth defects. In a separate study, he interviewed 3 childrenwho gave their statements regarding memories they had not experienced andthrough verification, he found that 92% of the statements were correct (Martin, 2016). ChristianityChristianity is another religion that believes in a life after death.According to their scripture the Holy Bible, after death the soul will go oneof two places after being judged on Judgement day. The souls of the righteouswill enter heaven to be with god for eternity while the souls of the wickedwill be thrown down to hell and tortured for eternity. “Butwhen the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then Hewill sit on His glorious throne”. “All the nations will be gathered before Him;and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheepfrom the goats; and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on theleft” (Matthews 25:31-33)The verse aboveexplains what will happen on judgement day, it describes how God will separatethe righteous from the wicked using the sheep and goat as an analogy. Both Hinduismand Christianity share one major aspect in common as it relates to death.
Theyboth believe in a life after death. How they vary relates to what happens inthe afterlife. In the case with Hinduism the soul comes back into the physicalworld in a new body. It experiences a series of births and deaths. As itrelates to Christianity, the soul experiences one birth and one death. The soulis not returned to the material world after being judged.
Only recently have scientists startedconducting research and experiments to find the answers as to what happensafter we die. Most of the research they conduct is based on Quantum Theory whichis the theoretical basisof modern physics that explains the nature and behavior of matter and energy onthe atomic and subatomic level. Recent studies have now led scientists tobelieve in an afterlife. Robert Lanza, an expert in regenerative medicine andthe scientific director of Advanced Cell Technology Company has developed a theoryof Biocentrism: the theory that life and consciousness are fundamental tounderstanding the nature of our reality, and that consciousness comes prior tothe creation of the physical universe. According to Lanza, our consciousnessdoes not die with us, it moves on, which suggests that consciousness is not aproduct of the brain but rather something entirely different.
His conceptimplies that if the body creates consciousness, then consciousness dies whenthe body dies. But if the body receives consciousness in the same way that acable box receives satellite/radio signals, then consciousness does not end atthe death of the physical vehicle