The such misunderstandings cause memory loss because if

The aging process generally results in changes and lower functioning in
the brain, leading to problems like memory loss and decreased intellectual
function. Memory degenerates with age, and older adults tend to have a difficult
time remembering and attending to information. There are three types
of memories; procedural memory, working memory, and semantic memory. Procedural memory is a type of implicit memory (unconscious memory) and long-term memory which is create through procedural learning or repeating a complex
activity over and over again until all of the
relevant neural systems work together to automatically produce the activity.
Thus, once a person builds procedural memory, he/she will be able to
perform particular types of tasks without conscious awareness of these previous
experiences. Thus, the elderly tend to rely on
experiences, prior knowledge, general principles, familiarity when they make
decisions (Peters, Dieckmann, & Weller, 2011). Semantic memory is the memory of understanding things, of the
meaning of things and events, and other concept-based knowledge. This type of
memory underlies the conscious recollection of factual information and general
knowledge about the world. In contrast, working memory is
a cognitive system with a limited capacity that is responsible for temporarily
holding information available for processing (Miyake & Shah,1999). It is
why it often used synonymously with short-term memory. The reduced capacity of
the working memory becomes evident when tasks are especially complex. In
general, an older person’s procedural memory and semantic memory remains
relatively stable throughout life stays while working memory declines.
Therefore, we should focus on working memory in order to maintain and improve
memory as we get older.

There are four ways to maintain and improve memory. The first is ‘Do not
doubt your memory’. Misconception about aging is that older people get worse in
memorizing. However, it is not necessarily true. Rather
than aging, such misunderstandings cause memory loss because if older people
suspect memory loss, anxiety itself impairs their memory. Old people who believe that they are not in
control of their memory function are less likely to work at maintaining or
improving their memory skills. In consequence, it results to a decline in
cognitive ability. One the other hand, if old people believe that they can
maintain and improve memorizing ability, this belief encourage them to practice
more and they have a better chance of keeling their mind sharp. The second
recommendation is ‘keep learning’. There is positive correlation between a
higher level of education and better mental functioning in old age. Researcher
suggested that advanced education may help keep memory strong by getting a
person into the habit of being mentally active. Learning is helpful to old
people even if it is no academic learning because pursuing hobbies, like play
chess, crosswords, jigsaw puzzles, play the instruments, or learning a new
skill can function the same way. The next tip to maintain memory is ‘repeat
what you want to know’ Repeated reading, writing and thinking can reinforce the
memory or connection. For example, if I have just been told someone’s name, I
can use his/her name when speaking with him or her: “So, John, where did
you meet Camille?” The last 

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