Virus or swine flu as it is more commonly known as Is a respiratory disease and is a virus that contaminates the respiration system of pigs, it causes discharge from the nose, a sharp loud cough and appetite Is reduced and patience suffers from being lethargic.
HIND stands for the two antigens; HI humiliating 1 and IN nursemaids 1 . It has the same effect on pigs as the human form of Influenza has on humans.The virus can last up to 3 weeks and a lot of the effected pigs die, therefore the population of the pigs can be at risk, also people who have come into lose contact with pigs, such as farmers and vets, that have the disease can become infected as the cross-species infection can occur. The swine flu is passed on to humans because a swine with the flu is infected with a human flu virus when in close contact, the 2 strains share genetic information thus the cross-species contamination occurs.The viral infection then spreads from person to person and country to country rapidly. The strain of HI IN was firstly quarantined in the year of 1930 and It was the US. It was and can spread worldwide, and the swine flu has the ability to alter Its strain so new vaccines need to be produced.
In 2012 findings have recorded eight different RNA strands from the HI IN, five from the HIND 1 from bird flu strains and a human strain.Contrary to the belief of some people the virus can only be passed on by ingesting precipitations holding the flu virus from a cough or a sneeze and not by consuming well cooked pork foods. It firstly originated from Mexico in 2009 and was classed as a pandemic in the latter of 2009 by the World Health Organization, as it had killed over 1000 people comprising of adults and 100 children ND by 2010 the HIND virus had killed Just under 14,000 people.Everyone is at risk from the flu that is seasonal and tends to be more serious in the older generation, babies and frequently sick persons. The HI IN virus is a deferent strain although the symptoms are similar and more intense and can affect young adults and healthy as well as the sick, young and old. People that live In close violently of the infected animals and those Infected with the virus are also at extreme risk. The symptoms and attack of the virus can be quick on set and can leave patients fighting for their lives In n ICC.
According to HOSE recommendations for the vaccination against the swine flu is strongly suggested for the following: Persons aged 65 and over, Those with a long-term medical condition such as diabetes, heart or lung disease, People whose immune system is impaired due to disease or treatment, Persons with a body mass Index (IBM) over 40, Pregnant women (can be given at any stage of pregnancy), Residents of nursing homes and other long stay Institutions, Healthcare workers, Careers, People with regular close contact with poultry, water fowl or pigs. HOSE 2011) antibodies needed to fight off the infection of the viral infection. The antibodies defend the body from attack of the disease, inhibiting the flu occurring in the body. The regulations of the vaccine are set by a board of medical professionals on ‘Cad’s Advisory Committee’ these experts in their field came together on July 2009 and conferred on who should receive the vaccine first and if the vaccines are safe or if they have any adverse effects. Pandemic and Cleveland are to name a couple are the kind of drugs that are licensed and suitable vaccines.Clinical trials have been done or these vaccines on people which included elderly people, the studies and findings proved they were no long term side effects and appropriate for licensing. When the committee cautiously reviewed and licensed the vaccines, they are approved for consumption in the fight against the HI IN virus. The vaccines are not live and do not give healthy people the virus it simply protects from susceptible patients.
The outcomes of this pandemic HI IN were that many people were at risk as it was easily spread, not only the elderly, really young or sick, it infected healthy people too.Swine’s that had the flu (as spoke about previously) shared genetic material with human influenza thus making the cross – species contamination take place, it is a more aggressive from of the flu and thousands of people died worldwide. The HI IN virus is prone to change and there are many types of this virus thus the research in vaccines was on going.
Studies found that people who were having major surgery such as organ transplants had more complications after the operations, e. G. Pneumonia and flu; they needed to be kept in ‘CUE.Farming industries were affected s pork meat was boycotted in the fear that eating the meat would lead to the infection of this disease. Hospitals and doctor surgeries were over crowded with patience that may and patience who thought they might of contracted the disease, this gave rise to slow detection of the virus in some effected.
As it was a worldwide pandemic people relented on traveling in case the country they visited may have the disease locally. There was public health guidelines set out for everyone any persons with suspected disease such as pamphlets.Cross boarder anti-bacterial cleaning was et up, e. G.
Northern Ireland to Republic of Ireland; cars were sprayed and made drive over bacteria killing products. Pedestrians had to clean their shoes and hand sanitize were more readily available, this was all set up for the risk factor and prevention of the spread of the disease. The HI IN vaccines do have adverse effects, as do all the drugs and vaccines, although there are not many serious studies proved in abundance, adversities effects can occur.Such as GHB Guilin-Bare Syndrome, has a 1 in a million chance of happening to someone taking the vaccine, this disease attacks the immune system which leads to inflammation and weakness of the muscles. Other studies have shown that Pandemic, a swine flu vaccine causes Narcolepsy, this is a disorder that causes sudden sleeping, and sufferers will be sitting up normal talking one minute and sleeping the next. It causes nightmares and patients wake up and feel a sensation of being paralyses and not being able to cry out for help.It is understood that it shouldn’t be prescribed for children and young adults under the age of 20, the effects have only been recorded in these parameters.
There has since been a new strain called HON. it spreads between same species I. E. Pigs, and cross species, from pigs to human, and there have been no known cases new strain of the virus becomes identified by scientists, as the older vaccines that have previously worked to fight infection do not work on these new variants of strains of the HI IN .