The ability that we have as a general population to trust in our own stubbornness astounds many.
Theories are fundamentally based on faith, faith in that their conclusion is right. The belief of the general population can make or break certain theories regardless of the veracity of the statements and independent of credence. Faith in new ventures and ideas is integral to whether or not said ideas are accepted as a widespread belief. The concepts of faith and natural sciences have been reliant on each other throughout history. This can be seen in the Heliocentric versus Geocentric viewpoint during the Renaissance. Galileo Galilei observed the Sun’s motion relative to the Earth’s in order to prove that instead of the Earth being the center of our known universe, it was in fact the Sun that was the focal point. When brought to the attention of the Roman Catholic Church, Galileo was forced to recant his heretic words. When he refused to do so, Galileo was arrested until he recanted.
This exemplifies a universal theme that one can be absolutely sure of a belief as they live in a shroud of ignorance; however, when made known of external factors, a plethora of new aspects and confusions can be extracted from realizations and discoveries. The church, a central power of the time, was steadfast in their interpretation of the universe as it fit neatly into the religious viewpoint of Catholicism. Although Galileo had science and facts on his side, the public eye was fixated on the Geocentric view put forth by Ptolemy due to its nature of conformity. Thus, in their conservative lifestyles, avoiding change, an entire era of philosophers, religious leaders, and the populace latched on to their interpretation and faith of a widespread theory.This theme of confidence spurred by ignorance is widespread and can be applicable to many areas. Ethical issues like slavery were also instigated by false notions based on undeveloped minds.
From the beginning of the American colonies, slavery was fused into the center of Southern agriculture. Many names have been given to this institution; Indentured servitude, slavery, and freedmen labor contracts, but they all boil down to the same essential problem. A belief that the white race was inherently a superior one was a false belief based on the misconception that blacks were inherently less “man” than whites.
Controversy over slavery was so heated that it split an entire nation over the matter. United States became a breeding ground for uncertainty over whether or not Slaves constituted rights. However, the belief in slavery being an innate factor of the entire Southern economy led to a maintaining of the malpractice. Although slavery has been discontinued in the United States, it was brandished as a tool for economic welfare for almost 250 years before it was abolished by those who realized the detrimental and dehumanizing effects on the Africans.
Exemplifying the confusions and doubts after gaining knowledge, the Reconstruction was a major failure after slavery was abolished. After the knowledge of the detriments of slavery was portrayed to America and the 13th Amendment was passed, Lincoln’s, Johnson’s, and Congress’ Reconstruction plan was aimed at incorporating the rebellious South and the newly liberated freedmen. The moral and ethical degradation of the blacks was slowly brought to light and along with it came more confusion and problems.