The Carolingian Empire came about in the early 7th centuryafter conquering the Germanic Frank tribes.
Charles Martel, a member of the Carolingiansnoble family, known as “The Hammer” was a Mayor of the Palace during theMerovingian Franks dynasty. He was tasked to do a lot of the work since thekings were not actually fit to rule. The kings only had the title and persona,while the Mayors of the Palace did the work.
As a Mayor of the Palace, CharlesMartel led the Frankish army into battle, which led to the event of defeatingthe Moors in battle. The victory saved Christianity in France and CharlesMartel became a war hero. As time went on, Martel did not take the title ofking even though he put all the effort in that a king should. He decided topass the honor to his son, Pepin the Short. Pepin believed that the person whois doing all the work should king whereas his father did not and was contentwith being a Mayor of the Palace.
Pepin decided to confront Pope Zachary, whoagreed that Pepin should be king. For Pepin to be king, the current king had tobe displaced, which Pepin sent the king to a monastery. This led for Pepin tobe the first Carolingian king, in honor of his father.
Once Pepin took thethrone, he began to advance in battle against the Lombard’s. The result of thiswar was that Pepin received large portions of land in Italy and donated theclaimed land to the Pope. Like most kings, Pepin had died in battle which ledto a vacancy for the throne. Pepin had two sons, Charles and Carloman whoinherited his kingdom. Ultimately, Charles succeeded Pepin due to the fact thatCarloman was of young age.
Charles came to thethrone once his dad died, immediately went into battle with the Germanicenemies. Since the Carolingians come from a family line of bishops, Charles wasalways loyal to the church. Charles was in connections with the Pope of Rome,who needed his support during a campaign versus the Saxons.
Charles believedthat the Saxons convert to Christianity and those who didn’t would bedecapitated. Some of the people in Rome did not like that Charles was makingdemands and the Pope agreed. The people in Rome decided that Pope Leo IIIshould be killed. They attacked him in the streets, but Pope Leo survived andfled to Charles’ nearby camp. Charles was very passionate about going back toRome with his army to reinstate Leo III as the Pope. Eventually Pope Leo IIIdecided to crown Charles and make him the official king of Rome. Charles becameso powerful that he was given the title Charlemagne (Charles the Great).
Charlemagnehad such a gigantic empire that he ended up dividing it into counties andelected a count to rule each county. Each elected official was always checkedup on from time to time by Missi Domenicito make sure they were ruling fairly. Charlemagne was an avid supporter ofeducation and brought scholars in to teach the skills of reading and writing toall.
He also abandoned the idea of gold standards and converted all of Europeon the same silver currency. With this change, trade became easier for everyoneand led his empire to prosper. As for the Jews, theylived in an age where most European rulers were Christians. The Christiansthought the Jews were suspected of conspiring against them with Islamic enemies.This resulted in the Christian leaders to create laws that kept the Jews fromowning land, this kept them from becoming farmers. Since the Jews could not ownland, they lived in designated Jewish sections of each town known as theghettos. Jews were very crucial to the economy as a moneylender becauseChristianity forbid that Christians could not lend out money.
So, when a Jewlent money to the kings and queens, they may have a chance of getting paid backwith interest but it usually led betrayal and not receiving their money back. The people of Islam had a great influence on medieval Europe.They had original innovations in a variety of categories such as art,agriculture, music, and pottery. They also revolutionized the use of science.The Muslim Spain’s capital, Cordoba was known for their scientific advances. Thelevel of intellect that the brought into western Europe was crucial forinfluencing the world around them.
Studying at the college level was firstapplied by the Muslims. Their universities appeared in the late 600s, whileother schools came much later.