The ulcers, fever, piles, blood disorders and hemorrhage.

The medicinal plant, Gloriosa Superba, owes its most favored status in traditional medicine to its several biological activities such as antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal and anthelmintic.1 It has been used in the treatment of inflammatory disease, gout, ulcers, fever, piles, blood disorders and hemorrhage. It causes uterine contractions and is a good abortifacient causing expulsion of fetus from the womb. 2Various parts of this plant like  rhizome, leaf, stem, etc. have been used for the extraction of valuable phytochemicals of pharmacological importance such as alkaloids (colchicine, gloriosine, superbine and colchicosides), flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, steroids, phenols and tannins.1,2,3 Due to its pharmacological importance there is a real danger of Gloriosasuperba being over-exploited resulting in it becoming an endangered species.1,3,5 India, an economically developing country with a growing population, relies heavily on traditional plant-based medicines for ensuring the health of its population.4A rapid decrease in the density of medicinal plants results on the one hand from their over-exploitation while on the other hand, infertility of soiland fungal or insect pest attacks result in low productivity.  Further, environmental damage results from practices such as spray of pesticides, use of chemical fertilizers etc. Thus, there is a need to improve medicinal crop productivity while safeguarding the health of the environment. Such problems can be addressed by improving the health of the soil by adding suitable bioinoculants to it. Such bioinoculants, if developed from amongst endophytes of these medicinal plants would have a higher probability of being successful in increasing the population of the medicinal plants. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria have been reported to facilitate plant growth by a) production of auxins such as IAA (Indole-3-acetic acid) which regulate and promote plant growth b) increasing the bioavailability of nutrients for plant uptake (by fixation of nitrogen,  solubilisation of phosphorus, facilitated absorption of iron via production of  siderophores), and c) production of lytic enzymes (like chitinases, cellulases, 1,3-glucanases, and lipases) or antimicrobial compounds such as HCN to protect them from diseases (Vejan P, 2016). The use of such plant growth promoting endophytes as bioinoculants could reduce the use of chemical fertilizers, environmental pollution and at the same time increase the yield and productivity of medicinal and other agricultural plants 6


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