The violent game with many risks of injury.

The head coach of the University of Alabama’s football team, Nick Saban, was recently given a $100 million contract, yet by NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) rules collegiate football players like Lamar Jackson cannot be paid (Bayless 2014). The NCAA does not allow athletes to be paid because they say they are not yet professionals and are still amateurs. The NCAA says college is a time to learn not to be making money. College athletes should be paid, however, as some athletes risk their pro futures for three unpaid years in a violent game with many risks of injury. In contrast, the proponents of this of the opposite side believes differently. These athletes are already getting so much. Why then should these athletes get pay then? Student debt is a national athlete these days, and these athletes do not have to worry about it at all. These athletes go to college on scholarships and almost all graduate debt-free. College athletes also receive high-quality medical care, academic support, and quality travel experiences.College is a time for athletes to learn and college athletics provide them with this opportunity for free. College sports also teach these athletes lessons that can last a lifetime. These lessons include leadership skills, time management skills, and how to cope with wins and losses. These athletes may not be receiving pay, but they are gaining something much bigger. They are learning how to be successful in their lives.Many people think that colleges’ athletic programs have all kinds of money. These people would be surprised to see that is far from what is actually the truth. A study done found that only 23 of the 228 division one schools actually had enough money to pay college athletes (Anderson 2016). It is true that most of these programs are bringing in a lot of money. Why then do only 23 schools have enough money to pay college athletes then? That is because most of these schools have just as much money if not more going out as there is coming in. One example is Auburn University in Alabama. In 2015, the college put in a $13.9 million screen in the football stadium. Most people may think that would mean that the school would have enough money to pay college athletes then, but the Auburn athletic department actually had a $17 million deficit in 2014 (Anderson 2016). One other example would be Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. They remodeled their football stadium for $102 million (Anderson 2016). They are working under a $36 million deficit (Anderson 2016). To be able to afford to pay college athletes, they may have to cut other programs, which is something that should not happen.Another issue with paying college athletes is that there would be unfair compensation. There are over twenty sports combined between men and women, so compensation could not be fair (Zoll 2017). The compensation could not be the same for everyone. It could create rifts and turmoil between teammates on differences in salary. That could then lead to holdouts that are seen in the pros with players like Duane Brown, Le’Veon Bell, and Donald Penn (Thomas 2017).Another big issue with paying college athletes is that all of a sudden, it could become like pro sports. Players may holdout for reasons mentioned above. Lockouts also could occur (Anderson 2016). These college programs could turn into an enterprise if athletes get paid. It could also change the balance of power in college sports. The richest boosters like Phil Knight at Oregon or T. Boone Pickens at Oklahoma State could get all of the top players (Swanson 2017). College students are very irresponsible with their money (Anderson 2016). College students have no clue how to manage money. Most of them do not even keep a budget, as just 39% do (Anderson 2016). An even more shocking statistic is that only 62% of students even check their bank account balances (Anderson 2016). When college students do receive money, they usually make purchase after purchase. Colin Cowherd said,” Most 19-year-olds are gonna spend it and let’s be honest, they’re gonna spend it on weed and kicks (Lemmons 2017)!” If salaries do replace scholarships do replace scholarships, surprisingly it is actually not better for the athletes. The reason is that scholarships, unlike salaries, are not able to be taxed. Scholarships for big division one schools are usually about $65,000 (Here’s Why We Shouldn’t Pay College A…). Would a $100,000 salary be a better deal than a $65,000 scholarship? After taxes, the $100,00 salary would be about $65,100. That is only $100 better than the scholarship would be. That makes it so it would not really be worth it to pay college athletes. College is a time to learn, not a time to make money. A student-athlete is just an amateur just like the other students at the university. The only difference is that the athlete is getting a free degree. That does not mean that they are not an amateur, however. The main goal of the NCAA is to provide education to the athletes that it supports (Anderson 2016). After all of that information, however, student-athletes should be paid. There are some good points on the side of not paying the athletes. The reasons for paying student-athletes heavily outweighs the points made on the other side, however. Sports such as football and school just do not go together very well. A soon to be National Football League (NFL) quarterback and current University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) quarterback in Josh Rosen has never been one to hide his feelings on subjects. Josh Rosen said,”Football and school just don’t go together. They just don’t. Trying to do both is like trying to do two full-time jobs. No one in their right mind should have a football player’s schedule and have to go to school. I love school, but it’s hard. Football really dents my ability to take some classes (Hayes 2017).” The NCAA supposedly tried to limit the amount of training that student-athletes have to undergo. The rule they made was supposed to limit players to twenty hours of training a week (Marshall 2016). In 2011, there was a survey to see how much training that these athletes do undergo. Division one football players average 43 hours of training a week (Marshall 2016). Division one baseball players average 42.1 hours a week (Marshall 2016). Division one men’s basketball players average 39.2 hours a week (Marshall 2016). The standard hours per week a person must work to be considered is considered around 37.5 hours a week, and these athletes are having to work more than that plus their time for school (Doyle 2017). How are athletes supposed to balance those hours with their school hours?College sports is a huge money-making business, yet the people that are the main reason for all that revenue, do not get a piece of the cash pie.  Players like Johnny Manziel at Texas A&M, Reggie Bush at the University of Southern California, and Tim Tebow at the University of Florida made their universities billions, but they received no compensation from it. The average division one player is worth $170,098 per year (Lemmons 2017). Many college football coaches make more than the presidents at the universities (It Is Time to Compensate College Athl…). The outside linebackers coach at the University of Alabama makes more than the president at the university (It Is Time to Compensate College Athl…). Michael Beasley, a National Basketball Association player for the New York Knicks, has some strong feelings on this subject. Michael Beasley said,” So do I think that guys need to be compensated for their work? Yes. Because most of us don’t make it to the professional level. The NCAA is making billions not just off basketball but off football and soccer (Beasley Discusses NCAA Scandal, Says …).” Players are making their schools millions of dollars, but cannot get that profit. Adrian Peterson, a former running back at the University of Oklahoma Sooners and current Arizona Cardinals running back, also has some strong feeling on that topic. “Johnny Manziel made Texas A so much money,” Adrian Peterson said,” When I was at Oklahoma, they made so much money.” Adrian Peterson also said,”They are trying to make basketball players stay two years in college. Wow. I wonder why? Think about it- just imagine if LeBron James had been in college for two years. How much money would that college have made off LeBron James? They would have made so much money off LeBron James (Florio 2014).” Many players have been suspended for allegedly receiving some kind of pay, even though the schools are making so much money off them. One example of this is found in former Texas A&M quarterback Johnny Manziel. Johnny Manziel was suspended for receiving money for autographs, even though he was making Texas A&M millions (How Much Money Has Texas A&M Made off…). A ridiculous part of these athletes not receiving compensation while the universities make money off of them is found in team shops. The school can sell a player’s likeness and the player receives no money off of their own likeness. Notre Dame is one example of a school that does this. When someone goes into the Notre Dame team store to buy a number seven football jersey, they are buying it because the quarterback on the football team is Brandon Wimbush, who wears number seven. The school likes to say that it is just a Notre Dame jersey, but people only buy it because the quarterback wears that number (It Is Time to Compensate College Athl…). Another example is a basketball jersey available at the Notre Dame store. The top selling basketball jersey there is a number 35 jersey. Again, the university likes to say it is just a Notre Dame basketball jersey. The star player for the Notre Dame basketball team, Bonzie Colson, wears that number. That is the main reason people buy it (It Is Time to Compensate College Athl…).Another example of how well the NCAA is doing because of college sports lies in the television deals. These networks are paying billions of dollars to televise college football. ESPN (Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is paying $470 million a year for the next twelve years to televise the four-team college football playoff (Bayless 2014). That is around $5.64 billion (Bayless 2014). Many people such as Michael Wilbon were completely against paying college athletes until they say the television deals. Wilbon changed his mind after seeing the $10.8 billion deal between the NCAA and CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System) for the rights to March Madness from 2011 to 2021 (Wilbon 2011). Another huge television deal was the deal ESPN had with BCS, which was a $500 million deal (Wilbon 2011). TV networks are not the only way that you can see how much college sports earn. Notre Dame, Texas, and Alabama all draw close to or more than $100 million per year (It Is Time to Compensate College Athl…).One other plus gained from paying college athletes is that it may make them stay in school longer (Lemmons 2017). The main reason that these college athletes leave school early is that they feel a need to help provide for their family (Lemmons 2017). If you paid these college athletes they would not feel that pressure as much. One reason that many people gave for why we shouldn’t pay college athletes is that most schools do not actually have enough money to pay them. That statement is very true. Every school has one way they could be able to pay players, though. That way is by sending out the boosters. Every college has boosters, and many of them would be willing to help schools pay for players (Bayless 2014). Boosters should be able to entice recruits with whatever they have to offer. Now, we have more boosters and many other people that are willing to pay players more than ever before. This can be seen in all of the college sports scandals.The latest scandal, involved Louisville, Oklahoma State, Auburn, and the University of Southern California (Schlabach 2017). On September 24, charges of fraud in corruption were announced in what may be the biggest college sports scandal of all-time (Schlabach 2017). The people involved included four NCAA division one men’s basketball coaches, a sports agent, and an executive at Adidas (Schlabach 2017). Louisville fired the head coach, Rick Pitino, and athletic director, Tom Jurich after this scandal. Chuck Person, a former professional basketball player, was then an Auburn assistant coach. He also became involved in the scandal after getting money from a financial advisor named Marty Blazer. He used that money to give to basketball recruits, and then try to steer them to Marty Blazer later on when they needed a financial advisor. Louisville became involved when Blazer and Merl Code, a former Adidas employee, helped give money to their recruits. They helped pay a player $25,000. One other recruit was Brian Bowen. Jim Gatto, the Adidas head of global sports marketing, and Christian Dawkins, a former NBA referee, helped pay him $100,000 in four payments allegedly under the direction of the head basketball coach Rick Pitino. Later, these people got involved with paying players at other schools such as Arizona, Oklahoma State, and USC. That led to the assistant coaches that were involved in these payments getting fired and arrested(Schlabach 2017). One other huge scandal was the Fab FIve Scandal at Michigan. The recruiting class that contained the fab five was considered the greatest recruiting class in college basketball history. The class included the number one recruit Chris Webber, the number three recruit in Juwan Howard, the five recruit in Jalen Rose, the number nine recruit in Jimmy King, and the number 84 recruit in Ray Jackson. The top player in that recruiting was easily forward Chris Webber. After an investigation, they found out that Webber had been receiving money from his freshman year in high school until his senior year at Michigan from a booster named Ed Martin. The five players received a total of $616,000 from Ed Martin (Fab Five Legacy Tainted ). Those are called scandals because the NCAA disallows any of those practices. The NCAA has many strict rules. For example, athletes cannot receive any money or really even sell any memorabilia or autographs. That is one rule that should change. These athletes should be able to participate in any entrepreneurial pursuits, such as selling memorabilia (It Is Time to Compensate College Athl…). If you changed all those rules, one other thing would be sure to happen. There would be less corruption in college sports (Lemmons 2017). That is because the rules would not be as strict, and the players can actually receive money, which is what most of the corruption entails these days (Lemmons 2017). When student-athletes are not able to be paid, more questionable markets always show up, and that is a breeding ground for corruption (Edelman 2017). That would not occur, however, if these athletes were able to receive money (Edelman 2017).  One of the negatives to paying college athletes is that there would be unfair compensation. That is the way that it should be, though. In other jobs, who would make more money a great employee or just an average employee? It should always be the better employee. That is how it should be in college athletics, the better players should make more money. The average recruits should receive no more than a scholarship (Bayless 2014). The better ones, though, should get a scholarship plus some salary on top of that. College football and men’s basketball also should be the main beneficiaries of these payments, though. That is because those are the sports that bring in the most revenue (It Is Time to Compensate College Athl…). They also could implement a salary cap, too, if they think that one team could get all of the top players (Nocera 2011). Without a salary cap, there is a slight change that suddenly there could be a huge shift in power in college sports. Many people, such as Skip Bayless, do not think that there would be that huge shift in power, though (Bayless 2014). The main reason for that is because it is very hard to project how high-school athletes are going to do at the next level (Bayless 2014). There are many times that a top-level recruit fails to play up to the level that people thought he would (Bayless 2014). That is why there would most likely not be a huge shift in power. One other reason that college athletes should be paid is because of how some athletes, mostly the football athletes, put their bodies on the line. These days, people are finding much more details on chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). CTE is a degenerative brain disease found in people who have had a history of brain trauma such as athletes and former veterans (What is CTE? 2017). It is a terrible condition that affects many different aspects of a person’s life. CTE can lead to confusion, memory loss, impaired judgment, aggression, depression, anxiety, and suicidal behavior (Emanuel 2017). JAMA did a study earlier this year on CTEs in football. They found that out of 53 former college football players 48 had them (Mez 2017). That is 91 percent of the players tested, which is an outstanding number. These athletes are laying their bodies on the line and earning other people millions of dollars, while they get nothing back in return. Many people may just say that they will make millions in a few years, though. That is not true for many of these athletes, though. The NCAA did a study in March of 2017 that found out that just 1.5% of division one football players get to the pros (Estimated probability of competing in…). Josh Rosen said, “What about those who don’t make it to the NFL? What did they get for laying their body on the line play after play while Universities make millions upon millions of dollars (Hayes 2017).” College athletes deserve to be paid. It is outrageous that they are not getting paid. These athletes are nearly working the hours of someone with a full-time job, and beyond that, they are having to go to school. Schools and the NCAA are making millions off of these players, while the players receive nothing in return. More importantly, people are willing to pay these athletes as evident in the scandals and the multi-million dollar television deals. These athletes are also are putting their bodies on the line while getting nothing in return. This is why college athletes should be paid.

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