The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world’s cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more. Discuss possible ways to encourage the use of public transport. With globalisation and modern technology encroaching on every corner of the world, it is a well known fact that air pollution and congestion is increasing at an alarming pace.
Among the suggestions on how to tackle this problem is encouraging the use of public transportation. This essay will analyse the strategies to encourage public to use trains and buses to commute to work. To begin with, it is felt that one way to stimulate the use of public transportation is making the use of private cars expensive. For instance, tolls have been introduced successfully in various parts of cities around the world. This example, clearly illustrates the fact that use of private cars on highways are expensive as compared to using the public transportation.
Thus, introducing tolls and other taxes on using private car is a good strategy to deter the use people from using private vehicles. In addition to this, limiting the number of parking permits in urban areas help to dissuade people from using their private vehicles. Take Sydney Metro for instance. Last year, studies revealed that the city experienced sudden decrease in traffic due to 30% hike in price for the parking permits. This clearly illustrate the fact that, increase in price made it inconvenient for the people to use their private cars to travel to cities.
Therefore, a price increase in parking permits is a good way to curb the congestion and encourage using public transportation . Following the look, it is clear that by increasing the cost of using the private vehicle is an effective strategy to encourage people using public transportation. Thus, this will help to lessen congestion and air pollution to a certain extent. People should use public transportation instead of driving One of the difficult choices people have to make today is that of utilizing public transportation or an automobile.
Americans spend a lot on everything concerning owning a car, high prices of gas, insurance, parking, license plate registration, and maintenance of the vehicle, for example. In addition, people experience long delays driving their cars every day due to crowded roads. Also, traffic congestion seems to worsen intensely while the number of motor vehicles does not stop growing; as a result, the air gets more and more polluted. According to Texas Transportation Institute, traffic congestion costs Americans $63. 1 billion a year (TTI). The use of public transportation is indeed an advantageous choice for a myriad of reasons.
First off, public transportation takes people to a lot of places for a cheap price. Nowadays, due to several economic factors, people search for alternatives that help them to save money. Cars are expensive to buy and to maintain; also, gas prices have been increasing dramatically. On the other hand, public vehicles allow commuters to go around different distances spending much less than if they had to drive a car. If you compare the cost of gas and parking to the cost of train or bus pass, you will figure out that a monthly commuting pass is far more economical.
Also, according to the American Automobile Association, “the estimated cost of driving a single-occupant vehicle is between $4,826 (for a small car) and $9,685 (for a large car) per year, depending upon mileage. By contrast, the annual average cost for public transportation for one adult ranges from $200 to $2,000, depending upon mileage, time of day, type of vehicle or service” (AAA). So, when looking at public transportation, one of the main benefits is undoubtedly the ability of saving some money because it costs less than driving. Another reason to advocate the use of public transportation is that it is… continues] Read full essay Driving your Own Car or using Public Transportation As long as cities are sequentially growing, people need to travel trough long distances to get from one place to another. By the increasing of those necessities, people choose between using their own car and drive along the roads or, not spending too much money and using public transportation. Both choices have many good benefits. Driving your own car might cost a lot of money; regarding to the cost of cars these days. But, safety is more important when it comes to travel long distances.
It is quite accurate to say that you will feel truthfully safer by driving a car by yourself than letting other people drive for you. You can also enjoy independence from public serives, more comfort, more space, and you will be sure that your car will always be available for you at anytime. However, Public Transportation has many other benefits when arguing about economy. The cost of using public transportation is more affordable. Also, you will never concern about hitting your car or being hitted. You will avoid spending time on gas stations or any other high-cost requirement of having your own car.
Yet, all those benefits might bring you a few disadvantages. Putting hands on the wheel without having much experience could provoke a car accindent, and cars are not always as safety as they look. You have to keep track of your car care (tire change, oil change, among others) most of them are quite expensive. If you hit the car, the costs are countless. To make matters worse, the price of gasoline increases everyday. On the other hand, using public transportation can cause delays. Public transportation is not under your control, the timings are never correct and sometimes you have to wait a lot at bus stops.
You’ve got to wait for the bus with plenty of time so the it wont leave without you. Moreover, Public transport drivers are very careless about them passengers security, they drive as fast as they can, disccounting the… [conti Governments Should Spend Money On Improving Public Transportation Many people in the world want their countries to be developed, and they want to have a good quality of life. Also, they want their countries to have strong potential economy to compete with other nations. As a result, it is necessary for the government to work on improving facilities which are the basic foundation of life.
In my opinion, governments should spend more money on improving public transportation, such as buses, subways, and trains instead of working on the construction of new roads and highways for several reasons. The first reason is to encourage people to use public transportation. Right now, many people feel that using public transportation, such as buses is waste their time and inconvenient because they have to wait for a long time. Sometimes buses are too old, so many people choose to use their own cars. However, when governments spend more money on public transportation, many people will benefit from the spending.
For example, the governments expand bus routes to suburban areas, so people who live in the suburban areas can come to the city very easily. One benefit if the governments build more subways or trains which connect to bus routes or other transportation is that it is unnecessary for people to use their own cars because they have good transportation system. The second reason why governments should improve public transportation is to avoid environmental problems. As we know carbon dioxide is one of the green house gases which lead to the Global Warming. Burning fuel oil is one of the human activities which create high level of carbon dioxide.
As mentioned in the previous paragraph if people have good transportation, cars are not necessary for them, so it reduces the number of people using their own car and decreases the carbon dioxide which is burned into the atmosphere. Building new roadways will benefit to people who use private car and carrier.. Ways to Improve Public Transport in Malaysia By jialeei, October 2012 | 6 Pages (1,377 Words) | 928 Views | Report | This is a Premium essay Sign Up to access full essay * * * * * * 10-steps to improve public transport for the whole Malaysia With the recent decrease in the fuel subsidy, many people have complained hat they would be willing to use public transportation if it were improved. They are calling loudly and clearly to the government to improve public transportation. We must look at other places and see what they have done to improve their public transport system. However, it must be clearly understood that there is a right way and a wrong way to improve public transportation in Malaysia. Belows are the suggestion to improve public transportation in Malaysia. 1) A Parliamentary Committee for Public Transportation must be created to oversee public transportation in Malaysia.
The existing Cabinet Committee does not have the confidence of the people of Malaysia (or, I imagine, Parliament itself). The presence of a Parliamentary Committee will improve confidence in public transportation. Planning and decision making will be improved through open planning and discussion. The Committee will help the MPs and the public to understand the proposals from the bus operators and the government, so the best plans are made. 2) A single National Authority for Public Transporation to create national standards, while Local and Regional Public Transportation Authorities will plan and implement strategies on the local level.
Public transport planning is invariably a local and/or regional service. It would not be possible for the proposed Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Negara (SPAN) to plan and oversee public transportation properly. Thus, each economic region of the country should have its own Local or Regional Public Transport Authority to own the bus routes and transport corridors and plan the future of public transportation. 3) Regulated Competition would be enhanced under the system provided. The Public Transport Authority would own the buses and provide capital funding, while the operators would be required to compete for… continues] Public transport is no longer a major means of transportation nowadays. It has been observed that people prefers to use their private vehicles such as cars, trucks to commute instead of using the public transport. Some people believe that using a general transport meant for the people by the government has so many hassles and because of the long period of queues at terminals and stations,they prefer to use their car which can move almost immediately and arrive at their destinations whenever they want.
Others have complained of comfort in using a public transport, they feel they can be free in their personal vehicles than sitting next to a total stranger in a bus or a train. Firstly, government should decrease the fares of the public transports. For instance, if a journey of 30 kilometres use to cost $20, government can reduce this fares in form of promos and discounts. This will draw peoples attentions to the public transports. Also, Buses and trains should be kept clean and well managed in such a way that will attract people. For example, my sister came to visit me from another city some times ago,She boarded a train.
I was at the train station to pick her up when i saw her stucked to the door,I moved closely to have a view of what was happening,i saw that her clothe was trapped and we had to cut her clothe before we were able to leave the station. She was so embarrassed and vowed never to take any public transport again. There are so many cases of neatly dressed people entering buses and coming out with a stain or a tough marks on their clothes. All these are turn-offs to people. Special considerations should be given to the aged,children,the disabled and pregnant women. People in this category should have decrease in their fares.
Government should hire trained personnel to cater for this group of people specially. I watched a woman on TV last weekend, she was so old and haggard. She could not even walk straight into the bus,She had to swing her legs before she can maintain her balance. There was no one to help her and she was left at the station because she couldn’t move fast to join the bus. Terminals and stations should be situated closer to residence,Shopping Malls and office for easy access so that people wont have to trek a long distance. Transportation should be made swift and reliable by constructing alternative roads for public transports alone.
This will assure the people that it is hassle-free and the issues of traffic jam will be eradicated My Grammar and Composition Project Wednesday, December 5, 2012 Argumentative Essay No. 8 “Ways to encourage people to use Public Transportation instead of Private Vehicles” In our Society nowadays, people tend to buy cars as many as they can because of the cheap monthly payment proposed by many automotive manufacturers so they can sell a lot of cars to outshine other manufacturers, but for my point of view, if you pay monthly with high interests, you will pay more than the original prize if you buy it with cash, card, or cheque.
These cheap monthly-priced cars cause a lot of traffic jams in most of the highways in the Philippines, let us compare the traffic situation of Singapore and the Philippines, in Singapore, only rich people can only buy vehicles which can be used daily that’s why there’s no traffic unlike here in the Philippines, and to decongest the traffic every decade, these cars have life spans, as we can say, they only live about 10 years, and after that, they can be sold to other countries like the Philippines; however, in the Philippines, everyone can buy cars as long as they have the capacity to pay the cars; furthermore, there is no life span for any cars being owned by Filipinos, even the oldest cars still exist here in the Philippines, that’s why we are experiencing Traffic Jams which cause a lot of procrastination in our business industry; with that situation we are depleting our Ozone layer because of the increasing rate of the pollution in our Air, and cause a lot of diseases and health problems that cause the death of our love ones. These are the Factors why we need to encourage our fellow Filipinos to use Public Transportation instead of using and buying private cars. We and the Government must encourage our citizen to use Public Transportation instead of using private cars.
We currently have an over populated vehicles here in the world, First way to encourage our people to use public transportation is to have a law that limits the life span of private as well as public vehicles, because if we continue to have a lot of old cars, these cars will have a possibility to belch poisonous smokes, which will cause a lot of destruction, like the Ozone layer depletion, ect. Having a limited time for our vehicles can reduce the ongoing Traffic Jams in our major roads, that cause business procrastination. Why do we need many private cars if we have a lot of Public Utility Vehicles, and probably using Public transportation will help us fight obesity in the society.
If our cars have their own life span, the possibilities are we can help boost our economic growth, teach a lot of people how to use public transportation, eliminate some carbon monoxide in our air, and prevent health problems. This is one way to encourage our fellow Filipinos to use public transportation. Cach d? u tien d? khuy? n khich nhan vien c? a minh s? d? ng giao thong cong c? ng la ph? i co m? t d? o lu? t gi? i h? n tu? i th? c? a phuong ti? n ca nhan cung nhu cong c? ng, b? i vi n? u chung toi ti? p t? c co r? t nhi? u xe o to cu, nh? ng chi? c xe s? co kh? nang ? hut thu? c la d? c h? i , ma s? gay ra r? t nhi? u pha h? y, nhu l? p c? n ki? t Ozone, vv. Co m? t th? i gian h? n ch? cho cac lo? i xe c? a chung toi co th? lam gi? m un t? c giao thong dang di? n ra trong con du? g chinh c? a chung ta, gay ra s? tri hoan kinh doanh. T? i sao chung ta c? n nhi? u xe tu nhan n? u chung ta co r? t nhi? u phuong ti? n ti? n ich cong c? ng, va co th? s? d? ng giao thong cong c? ng s? giup chung ta ch? ng l? i b? nh beo phi trong xa h? i. N? u xe c? a chung toi co th? i gian s? ng c? a minh, kh? nang la chung ta co th? giup thuc d? y tang tru? ng kinh t? c? a chung toi, d? y cho r? t nhi? u ngu? i dan cach s? d? ng giao thong cong c? ng, lo? i b? m? t s? carbon monoxide trong khong khi, va ngan ng? a cac v? n d? s? c kh? e. Day la m? t cach d? khuy? n khich ngu? i Philippines d? ng c? a chung toi s? d? ng giao thong cong c? ng.
Another way to encourage our people to use public transportation is to increase the price of every cars being sold by manufacturers, this is the most preferred solution for the increasing population of cars nowadays for they can use public transportation instead of buying their own private cars, because we can see in the malls the prices of each car per month were so cheap that’s why many people can afford to buy one, two, or as many as they want to buy. It is anticipated that the Population of the cars in the Philippines next year, 2013, will hit about 60 Million Cars, that is a lot for a third world country, we need to limit private cars running in our roads, because it can cause traffic jams, and a lot of difficulties in our society, that is why we are here promoting and encouraging people to use public transportation rather than spending money in private cars.
Many people might say that “Why are you encouraging us to use public transportation instead of using or buying our own private cars? ” We are encouraging most of the Filipinos to use public transportation, because we need to help our fellow Filipinos who are drivers of these public utility vehicles in order for them to sustain their families’ needs everyday, we are trying to decongest the traffic everyday by making people to use public transportation which occupies a little portion of the road, unlike if everybody uses and buys their own private car, which will cause a lot of traffic jam in our major roads. That is why it is also important to use Public utility Vehicle in our daily lives.
Other people might say that “It is the Public Transportation that causes Traffic Jams and Poisonous Gasses in our environment” Well, the fact is that all of the vehicles travelling in the roads cause the traffic jams and poisonous gasses, but with the latest technology right now, most of the Public transportation like the E-Jeepneys, and E-Tricycles are being promoted as a substitute for Gasoline-based public vehicles, that is why using public vehicle are more efficient and convenient than using and buying your own car which is more expensive than using public utility vehicles. In conclusion, I have to recommend to all of the Filipinos to be disciplined and unselfish for us to hep these unfortunate people sustain their families’ needs, and for we can save our mother Earth; furthermore, for us to prevent business procrastination that causes business withdrawal to have a great economy in the future years to come.
All of these factors is enough for us to be encouraged to use public transportation in our journeys everyday for different purposes mentioned before. Posted by Marlo Luigi Joble at 10:50 PM Email ThisBlogThis! Share to TwitterShare to Facebook 1 comment: 1. Dustin CelestinoDecember 18, 2012 at 3:32 AM Checked! Article 8: 20/20 Reply Load more… Newer Post Older Post Home Subscribe to: Post Comments (Atom) Blog Archive * ? 2012 (20) * ? December (10) * Argumentative Essay No. 13 “Are our Zoos cruel to … * Argumentative Essay No. 12 “Does travel help to pr… * Argumentative Essay No. 11 “Who should be responsi… * Argumentative Essay No. 10 “Should Rich Countries … Argumentative Essay No. 9 “Internet does more good… * Argumentative Essay No. 8 “Ways to encourage peopl… * Argumentative Essay No. 7 “Withdrawal in Granting … * Argumentative Essay No. 5 “Governments Throughout … * Argumentative Essay No. 4 “We Do Benefit From Anim… * Argumentative Essay No. 3 “Children learn best by … * ; November (3) * ; October (6) * ; September (1) About Me Marlo Luigi Joble View my complete profile | | Awesome Inc. template. Powered by Blogger. Ban Smoking in Public Places Essay This is a ban smoking in public places essay. It is an example of an essay where you have to give your opinion as to whether you agree or disagree.
The sample answer shows you how you can present the opposing argument first, that is not your opinion, and then present your opinion in the following paragraph. It is always a good idea to present a balanced essay which presents both sides of the argument, but you must always make it very clear what your opinion is and which side of the argument you support. Ban Smoking in Public Places Essay You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:Smoking not only harms the smoker, but also those who are nearby. Therefore, smoking should be banned in public places. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.
You should write at least 250 words. | Model Answer Medical studies have shown that smoking not only leads to health problems for the smoker, but also for people close by. As a result of this, many believe that smoking should not be allowed in public places. Although there are arguments on both sides, I strongly agree that a ban is the most appropriate course of action. Opponents of such a ban argue against it for several reasons. Firstly, they say that passive smokers make the choice to breathe in other people’s smoke by going to places where it is allowed. If they would prefer not to smoke passively, then they do not need to visit places where smoking is permitted.
In addition, they believe a ban would possibly drive many bars and pubs out of business as smokers would not go there anymore. They also argue it is a matter of freedom of choice. Smoking is not against the law, so individuals should have the freedom to smoke where they wish. However, there are more convincing arguments in favour of a ban. First and foremost, it has been proven that tobacco consists of carcinogenic compounds which cause serious harm to a person’s health, not only the smoker. Anyone around them can develop cancers of the lungs, mouth and throat, and other sites in the body. It is simply not fair to impose this upon another person.
It is also the case that people’s health is more important than businesses. In any case, pubs and restaurants could adapt to a ban by, for example, allowing smoking areas . In conclusion, it is clear that it should be made illegal to smoke in public places. This would improve the health of thousands of people, and that is most definitely a positive development. (290 words) __________________________________________ Comments This essay is well organized and presented. The introduction is clear – note how it follows the ban smoking in public places essay question – it paraphrases the information in order to introduce the topic and the argument. The argument against a ban on smoking in public places is presented first.
It is made clear that it is not the authors opinion by the topic sentence: “Opponents of such a ban argue against it for several reasons”. And also by the use of the word ‘they’ to refer to the opponents. The writer then clearly shows they are moving on to the other argument which is their own (and it has clearly been stated in the thesis that this is their argument): “However, there are more convincing arguments in favour of a ban”. In this paragraph, ‘they’ is dropped because it is now the writers opinion. Some businesses prohibit smoking in any of their offices. Some governments have banned smoking in all public places. Do you agree or disagree that this is the right course of action?
Give reasons for your opinion. Most of the firms, organization and companies as well as governments impose restrictions to smoke in work places and public amenities. It has become fashionable in the world today to blame smoking. However, although I feel that smoking can be harmful, but I don’t think it should be forbidden completely. I would also argue that people should have the right whether or not they should smoke. Allow me to present the three positive sides of smoking. Firstly, smoking certainly helps many people to relax. For some, it even improves concentration. If someone is upset owing to debt or they have exam, like to smoke to reduce the pressure or tension.
Most of the people like to smoke when they are relaxing with friends. Secondly, governments throughout the world make huge profits from taxes on cigarettes. The income obtained through taxes provides funds which are used for building school, hospital and public places such as parks, gardens, sports ground and foot paths. Thirdly, tobacco industry also employs tens of thousands of people all over the world, particularly in poorer countries such as Zimbabwe or India. Without cigarettes, these people would have no jobs. Despite these positive effects there are lots of negative effects to smoking too. Initially, smoking has been proven to be very dangerous for health.
As one cigarette contains more than 4000 chemical substances, therefore, it causes for many dangerous diseases such as heart attacks, asthma, bronchitis or lung cancer. According to a recent report in Britain close to 3,500 people are killed each year in road accidents and 120,000 are killed by smoking. Furthermore, smoking costs governments millions of dollars because of the large number of people who need treatment in hospitals for smoking-related problems. Moreover, passive smoking is also a major concern today. Recent research shows that non-smokers can suffer from health problems if they spend long periods of time among people who do smoke.
In the UK children whose parents are smoke are three times as likely to start smoking themselves _. In short, I think the world would be a better place without cigarettes. However, the decision of whether _ smoke or not to smoke should be for each individual to make. I suggest that people should not smoke in a room or a place where there are non smokers, however they should be free to smoke elsewhere. This is a very good essay, you have made your arguments well and set out the paragraphs as required. However, pay attention to your use of assertive statements e. g. ‘Without cigarettes, these people would have no jobs’. Perhaps they would gain employment in another industry – we cannot be sure. Over all, well done! Related posts:
Smoking Should Be Banned in Public Places By javed77, July 2012 | 16 Pages (3,926 Words) | 3982 Views | Report | This is a Premium essay Sign Up to access full essay * * * * * * Smoking should be banned in public places? As people becoming gradually more thoughtful with living longer and healthier lives, the harmful effects of habits and live styles have come under significant considerations. One of the issues which have been a controversial and mach debated subject within the lifestyle is the issue of smoking in the public places. The British Medical Health Association research has found that at least 1,000 people die in the UK every year as results of passive tobacco smoke.
Other people tobacco smoke increases the chance of non-smokers contracting fatal heart, lung and asthmatic diseases has now led the UK government introducing laws to ban smoking in all public places. Such a ban will come into force in England on 1st July 2007 (BBC News, 2007). This ban covers all public places, including pubs, bars, offices, factories train station and buss stops while only privet homes and outdoor areas are excluded (BBC News, 2007). This paper begins by highlighting the arguments against the smoking ban, it will then go on to evaluate recent research in to the drawbacks of passive smoking providing counterarguments supporting smoking should be ban in public places. It has been argued that smoking shouldn’t be ban in public places.
The position goes on to assert that this is a free country and smokers should have their basic human rights to smoke anywhere they want to smoke, so this argument goes on. Indeed every one is for individual rights as long as it doesn’t effect others health. no one will argue that this is not a free country ,and every Individual must have the right to do as they like , infect as long as it dose not damage or affect someone else’s health or life . Definitely smokers have rights but so do non-smokers. Undeniably, it is currently well known fact based on scientific and medical research that smoking cigarette and passive smoking can be bad for your health. So this position goes on to assert that why should smokers be… [conti