Theme and Narrative in the Short Story

Theme and Narrative Elements in the Short Story Introduction to Literature Table of Contents Title Page………………………………………………………1 Table of Contents………………………………………………2 Theme……………………………………………………….

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4 Point of View………………………………………………….. 5 Theme and Narrative Elements in the Short Story Theme I will demonstrate my understanding of literary terms by using the short story called, “Country Lovers”. The theme in a story is a representation of the idea behind the story.

The theme of this short story is how a young white boy named Paulus Eyesendyck and a young black girl named Thebedi growing up fell in love. At the time they were growing up in South Africa, where there was a strong socioeconomic system called apartheid that oppressed the majority of the black people (Clugston, 2010). This made it forbidden for blacks and white to be in love or in any kind of physical relationship (Clugston, 2010). This story of forbidden love on a South African farm started out so innocent and ended up so tragic.System called apartheid that oppressed the majority of the black people (Clugston, 2010). This made it forbidden for blacks and white to be in love or in any kind of physical relationship. In the black communities, mutilated, broken, or otherwise abused bodies became a common sight after 1976, when South Africa was torn apart by the violent actions of the police and the antiapartheid insurgency.

In art of the period, the human figure was often put through animal transformations that indicated how this everyday brutality of apartheid was internalized and how it might be exorcised (Peffer, 2009).It was a very hard time for black people from 1949 to 1994 not to mention the shame that Paulus would have bought to his family for being with a black girl. Symbol Another literary element in the short story that contributes to the theme is symbol. In the story “Country Lovers,” Paulus and Thebedi’s love affair produced a baby. This baby is a symbol of their love that they once had for each other. The forbidden love of Paulus and Thebedi produced a baby. Symbol is an object, person, or action that conveys two meanings: its own literal meaning and something it stands for as well (Clugston, 2010).

This baby is the symbol of their love for one another at a time where it was not allowed for black people and white people to be in a relationship. The baby is also a symbol of unconditional love as well. Thebedi didn’t tell Paulus about her pregnancy.

She married a man name Njabulo. This married was arranged by her parents. The infant was very light and did not quickly grow darker as most African babies do (Clugston, 2010). Already at birth there was on its head a quantity of straight, fine floss, like that which carries the seeds of certain weeds in the veld (Clugston, 2010).Njabulo knew that this baby was not his but still cared for the baby.

Njabulo made no complaint (Clugston, 2010). Out of his farm laborer’s earnings he bought from the Indian store a cellophane-widowed pack containing a pink plastic bath, six napkins, a card of safety pins, a knitted jacket, cap and bootees, a dress, and a tin of Johnson’s Baby Powder, for Thebedi’s baby (Clugston, 2010). Point of View The short story “Country Lovers” is in third person point of view. Third person point of view is expressed by someone who is not a participant in the story (Clugston, 2010).It is referred to as an omniscient point of view when the thoughts and feelings of only one of the characters are related (Clugston, 2010).

The point of view is consistent through the entire story. I believe that Nadine Gordimer told this story to show how racism affects people in South Africa. Racism affects people both directly and indirectly. Paulus and Thebedi were affected directly and their baby was affected indirectly. References Clugston, R. W. (2010).

Journey Into Literature. San Diego, California: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. https://content. ashford. edu/books Peffer, J.

(2009). Art and the End of Apartheid. 64. Retrieved from