There are challenges for India to fullyinternationalize their higher education system for both domestic andinternational students. First, the country faces an intense competition withsome of the most prominent Asian nations, including China, South Korea, Japan,Taiwan, and the Southeast Asian region.
These nations have already started their venture for expansion oninternational higher education and established some globally acclaimeduniversities with intense attracting academic programs for student all over theworld. In addition, most of the nationshave well-established international branch campuses for purpose of globaloutreach and student cultural exchange. India may not be at the level ofspreading their higher education system with the world, but they providemultiple possibilities for students to engage with their institutions and offerpotential international employment. If the government and universities want moreinternational students to come to India to pursue academic and career goals,India must plan a comprehensive internationalization strategy at the nationallevel and institutional level (Rajkhowa, 2014).
Second, India has a high number of publicand private institutions throughout the country, but does not have anyinternational branch campuses placed in western and eastern nations. The Indian Government previously devise a planto establish foreign institutions throughout their neighboring countries andthe Asian region earlier this year. The plan, however, was shelved as theIndian Government decided to focus on their internal education system and their”world-class” universities.
The NationalInstitution for Transforming India, also known as NITI Aayog, published a planthis year called the Three-Year Action Agenda, where the government willimprove the essential parts of India, including economic transformation(agriculture and trade), regional development (urban and rural transformation),and social sectors (health, education, and skill development). The agendaemphasizes the education development where the government envisions onimproving the learning outcomes of the students from primary education totertiary education (NITI Aayog, 2017). The Indian Government proposes onimproving student enrollment and teacher quality to be the focal point ratherthan expanding their higher education system globally. They also want to become the “world-class” universities,which are identified by 20 institutions (10 public and 10 private), in researchand development. Due to thesecommitments, the country will not be focusing on internationalizing theirhigher education system for a long run. Lastly, the Indian Government funds mostlyon the universities and colleges research programs and focuses vocational andprofession led education.
It is acrucial area for the country of India to expand the pool of human capital base,which leads to economic growth and stability. Skill building and professionaldevelopment from people are what most of the country’s revenue is generating.The race for higher economic stability and “world-class” universities has madeIndia invest on themselves to become an established education hub.