There are identified by 20 institutions (10 public

There are challenges for India to fully
internationalize their higher education system for both domestic and
international students. First, the country faces an intense competition with
some of the most prominent Asian nations, including China, South Korea, Japan,
Taiwan, and the Southeast Asian region. 
These nations have already started their venture for expansion on
international higher education and established some globally acclaimed
universities with intense attracting academic programs for student all over the
world.  In addition, most of the nations
have well-established international branch campuses for purpose of global
outreach and student cultural exchange. India may not be at the level of
spreading their higher education system with the world, but they provide
multiple possibilities for students to engage with their institutions and offer
potential international employment. If the government and universities want more
international students to come to India to pursue academic and career goals,
India must plan a comprehensive internationalization strategy at the national
level and institutional level (Rajkhowa, 2014). 

Second, India has a high number of public
and private institutions throughout the country, but does not have any
international branch campuses placed in western and eastern nations.  The Indian Government previously devise a plan
to establish foreign institutions throughout their neighboring countries and
the Asian region earlier this year. The plan, however, was shelved as the
Indian Government decided to focus on their internal education system and their
“world-class” universities.  The National
Institution for Transforming India, also known as NITI Aayog, published a plan
this year called the Three-Year Action Agenda, where the government will
improve the essential parts of India, including economic transformation
(agriculture and trade), regional development (urban and rural transformation),
and social sectors (health, education, and skill development). The agenda
emphasizes the education development where the government envisions on
improving the learning outcomes of the students from primary education to
tertiary education (NITI Aayog, 2017). The Indian Government proposes on
improving student enrollment and teacher quality to be the focal point rather
than expanding their higher education system globally.  They also want to become the “world-class” universities,
which are identified by 20 institutions (10 public and 10 private), in research
and development.  Due to these
commitments, the country will not be focusing on internationalizing their
higher education system for a long run. 

Lastly, the Indian Government funds mostly
on the universities and colleges research programs and focuses vocational and
profession led education.  It is a
crucial area for the country of India to expand the pool of human capital base,
which leads to economic growth and stability. Skill building and professional
development from people are what most of the country’s revenue is generating.
The race for higher economic stability and “world-class” universities has made
India invest on themselves to become an established education hub.  


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