This report will be about Lincoln Steffens and and the way his actions affect people and reporters today. Lincoln Steffens was born on April 6, 1866 in Sacramento, California and later on in his life when he had matured he attended the University of California at Berkeley and took a particular liking to philosophy. When Steffens graduated in 1889, he pursued his interest in philosophy by studying further at universities in Germany and France. In 1892 Stefens eventually returned to New York, where he began his journalist career at the New York Evening Post as a police reporter for nine years.
During his time at the post he slowly uncovered evidence of how corrupt the government was and how many corrupt politicians there were. In the 1890s Steffens, and many other journalists wrote articles and such about the corruption of the government, but it wasn’t until 1903 that he was recognized for this. Ida Tarbell’s first chapters of her excerpt on Standard Oil Company released around the same time that Steffens became famous and since both of them were writers for McClure’s Magazine, it became significantly more popular. This type of writing that blew up in popularity so fast was later coined as “Muckrake” journalism by President Theodore Roosevelt.
Lincoln Steffens enjoyed shedding light on corrupt figures but the real reason why he wrote was to expose the businessmen who were thought to be respectable and to stop the neverending pattern of corruption. He did exactly this in 1940 when he published his series “The Shame of the Cities”, which became a best seller. Eventually Steffens moved to Italy, because he thought the United States to be very unpleasant country. Shortly after moving to Europe he started to work on his autobiography, which was titled “The Autobiography of Lincoln Steffens” and was published in 1931. It talked about his mental journey and was thought by some people to be one of the best autobiographies of the 20th century.
Steffens deceased in Carmel, California on August 9th, 1936.