“Thisunderstanding of empiricism and rationalism centres on the justification of ourbeliefs”(Meyers, Robert G, 2014, p.
2) following on from this quote andexplaining my views and beliefs I have chosen to the side of proposition 2which is elaborating and explaining why I believe that knowledge is not innateand thus it is only derived from sense experience (sense data & reasonedvia the brain or mind) When you think about what you know, you almost alwayscan remember where you were and even who you were with when you were taughtthat. You rely on you sense of sight and hearing when in a classroom and beingtaught. When you are born you don’t just know everything, through your lifeexperiences you learn and extend your knowledge. Empiricism isthe theory that the knowledge we have comes from our own experiences and isderived from our senses.
When you think about it why would we go to school oruniversity if this weren’t true. How would we have any knowledge on anything ifwe weren’t either taught it or learnt it through own real life experiences? Thewhole education system would be pointless if everyone followed the Rationalismtheory. What would be the point in getting an education in schools if we allalready had the knowledge? We each learn something different from our ownexperiences because we all perceive things differently and take away our ownknowledge from own experiences. When it comes toobtaining our knowledge from our own sense experiences you have to think andunderstand how important all of our sense are, and how they contribute to theknowledge we gain from our experiences. If you were to try and explain tosomeone what a certain fruit tastes like how could you if you haven’t tasted ityourself? You would have to taste it and rely on your senses to be able to havethe knowledge of what the fruit tastes like. It’s the same as saying, how are we able to describe and tell coloursapart, we have used our senses, specifically sight, and we have the knowledgeof different colours from our own experiences. Again how would you explain whatcountry music sounds like? You would use the knowledge you have gained fromlistening to it using your sense of hearing and from that experience you wouldbe able to describe it. If you had never heard county music before you wouldn’thave any knowledge on it at all.
If we were allto believe and follow the rationalism theory how would we be able to drive acar? We all have had to go through our own experiences and take driving lessonsso that we can drive a car correctly and gain the knowledge through thelessons. We don’t just wake up one day and know how to drive a car; we have tobe taught and to use our sense to help us drive safely and correctly. Think of a childlearning how to walk, they don’t just wake up one day are able to walk. Theyobserve others using their sense and use the knowledge they have gained throughobservation as well as practice.
Parents have helped them by giving them someguidance and a helping hand in the process but eventually through observationand practise they are able to eventually use their knowledge to walk. To thinkthat a child has the knowledge on how to walk without learning is not somethingI can agree with.”The Empiricism thesis doesnot entail that we have empirical knowledge. It entails that knowledge can onlybe gained, if at all, by experience”(Markie,Peter, 2017) This is a theory and a view that I agree with when it comes tomost things. If you have not experienced certain basic things in life how canyou say you have knowledge I that field/subject. I would not trust of believesome one whom has never eaten an apple that it tastes sweet.
Another way ofunderstanding this is that I have never flown a plane or had lessons on how tofly a plane; therefore I have no knowledge on how to fly a plane. How cansomeone do something that they have no knowledge, training or experience in? Ican in some way understand that someone can teach themselves how to play thepiano or the guitar by figuring out what sounds correct, but how would you beable to tell if what you are playing sounds correct if you have never had asense experience of someone else playing the piano. When it comes to gaining knowledge in schoolor university sometimes it cam help save a life and if you were not to go toschool or university and to just believe that you already have the first aidknowledge you would need to say a life, that would be putting that persons lifeat risk. Having basic first aid training is something that you can only reallylearn by doing a first aid course or through classes. To follow the rationalismtheory when it comes to someone’s life it can become a bit tricky. When you refer to something as generalknowledge, would you say that is part of the empiricism theory or therationalism theory? If you said it was part of the rationalism theory itwouldn’t really explain how you know that, where as if it were seem as part ofthe empiricism theory you would argue that you had seem someone do something inyour own experiences, and you don’t remember experiences it or seeing it butyour in your brain you has just kept the knowledge of how to do it rather thatwhen you learnt or observed someone doing it. For example, opening a can ofcold drink, I have no memory what so every on how I learnt how to open a bottleof cold drink but I do have the knowledge of how to open the cold drink.
“Knowledge derived from observation involves a chain ofcause and effect” (Murphy, 2010, p.44) This is something to think about,