This solving the problems like UK-Norway, Libya-Chad issues,

This paper is about the recent policy of United States
recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital under Trump Administration. As the
role of US has been as a mediator between Palestine-Israel conflicts since
1948, but now US has abdicated its role by taking side of Israel. This paper
will discuss US role in Palestine-Israel conflict and how these policies
affected the entire region and a number of violations of International law.
Many of previous presidents of United States had made this claim during their
election campaigns, but they were unable to deliver. Only this time happened
that trump administration has taken measures to shift their embassy to
Jerusalem and none of the countries of the world has their embassy in Jerusalem
because the world community understands the sensitivity of this place and any
wrong decision would be dangerous for international peace. The methodology of
this paper will be qualitative which include study of previous research papers
on US role in Palestine-Israel conflict and recent news paper articles.


International law is body of statutes and regulations which are
abide and respected by all the nations, it is cohesive force which must be glued
through letter and spirit by all the nations but sometimes national interests
overpower this, whose examples are numerous paving ways towards tensions at international
stage. The most dangerous and causing thunders at international stage are
unsettled issues especially  Israel-Palestine
which has remained chronic since 1948 and reason of dispersion for
international peace and security.

International law proved a satisfactory for solving the
problems like UK-Norway, Libya-Chad issues, Pakistan-India Indus water treaty
but the powerful and resultant   nations
not only violate international law but always persuade others to do so,
US-Vietnam War, US Iraq invasion of 2003, KSA’s Violations of international
laws while fighting Hothi Rebels in Yemen. 
21st century after 9/11 has turned more aggressive and violent due the
actions of major powers in the process of tackling extremism, but meanwhile
labeling freedom struggles as fundamentalism and terrorism in Kashmir and


The methodology of this paper would be qualitative which
includes previous published research papers, president of United States
speeches and news paper articles which will be analyzed through content
analysis method.


Literature review

Israel: 50 Years of Occupation Abuses. (2017, June 04).Human
rights violation is on the peak in Palestine .These include  unlawful killings, forced displacement,
abusive detention, unjustified restriction on movement, discriminatory policies
,abusive practices in the name of security etc. unlawful killings takes place
on daily basis there . Israeli authorities transfer its civilians to different
areas there where they provide protection and all needs for their settlers,
separate and unequal system of laws are followed. Thousands of acres of land is
captured by force there in the name of infrastructure and other settlements.
Israeli settlements on Palestine land are considered illegal by international
community. International court of justice in 2004 summarizes an advisory
opinion in which they mention Israel violating international law and basic
human rights.

The key issues of Israel –Palestine conflict are: mutual
recognition, borders, demarcation 
security, Rights regarding water issues, control of Jerusalem a
major  blow for  Palestine , Israeli settlements, Palestinian
independence of movement, and Palestinian right of revisit. The violence of the
conflict, cultural and religious interest worldwide, has been the object of
numerous international conventions dealing with historic rights, security
issues and human rights, and has been a factor impeding tourism in and general
access to areas that are hotly contested.

Sherwood, H. (2014, January 30).World has been remained
non-committed towards Palestine-Israel problem which is decades old and
continually swelling the wounds of Palestine people who faced  extra-territorial invasion by Zionist who
were abducted and prosecuted by Hitler in Europe during WW2. Jews claim holy
land as their so called ‘   promised
land’ which has been essentially home of Palestine Arab population.

  NewsHour, P. (2006,
May 11).  US policy towards Palestine and
Israel is very major in other words this conflict is incomplete without
mentioning America here. Countries relationships depend on its interests over
there, US has a great interest in the Middle East it supports Israel there and
Israel promotes American aims and actions there. Israel acts as a counter to
Arab nationalist movements by its military actions. US has proved to be a keen
supporter of Israel since its inception due to various reasons  for instant 
after WW2  Harry S Truman was
estranged in cold war but  did
horrific  underpins to Palestine cause as
he thought  that the Jewish  population and their resources would stop
powering American  economy , USSR rivalry
was another factors his backing of Israel but 
at the same time sided with  two
states solution, but never ever  a solid
step towards this was taken at the cost of Israel. During cold war USSR
inclined to Arabs and supplied ammunition and military hardware and US had to
counter the influence of USSR and to check its power provided necessary moral,
diplomatic, military and economic support to the Israel; it is claimed that US
and USSR were fighting the cold war with left hand controlling with the right
to not indulge in world level conflict.

During cold war US was focused on containment of USSR but
continuously veto in the favor of Israel every resolution presented in UNSC.
Either democrats or Republicans all the candidates for Presidency in USA were
support of providing Israelis but their harsh policies did not actually
implemented because of their long term impacts on international peace and
stability as Muslims throughout the globe supported Palestine cause may be in
lower tunes.

Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum. (n.d.). President Truman’s policy in
history contributed great role to this Israel Palestine conflict. During
Truman’s reign America built pressure on Britain to permit approximately 100
000 European Jewish immigrants for their movement to Palestine especially to
the Jerusalem. After this settlement president Truman helped European Jewish
immigrants to settle in Palestine. President Truman play key role for
establishing Jewish state in 1947 .Truman extended recognition to the state of
Israel barely 15 minute after its declaration

Trump was right – Obama did call Jerusalem the ‘capital of
Israel’. (2017, December 06).US Congress in 1995 declared Jerusalem as a
capital of Israel through Jerusalem embassy act and passed a law for it in
which it was described that Jerusalem should not be divided it should be a pure
and undivided capital and part of Israel state. Accordingly this law US embassy
should be moved to Jerusalem by 1999. In 1993 bill Clinton favored to move US
embassy to Jerusalem which was not happened. In 2000, republican candidate
George bush promised to move his embassy to Jerusalem which also could not be
happened during his reign .In 2008, democratic candidate Barrack Obama called
Jerusalem as a capital of Israel but during his reign he was also unable to
shift US embassy over there. In his last press conference Obama clearly said
that it could be very harmful and explosive if it happens. During Trump
campaign for president he declared Jerusalem a capital of Israel and wished to
move US embassy over there and he said this will be done very quickly. Trump on
December 6, 2017 announced that Jerusalem is capital of Israel and will move US
embassy to Jerusalem very soon.

UN Charter (full text). (n.d.).By neglecting Palestine issue
US is violating UN charter which argues for international peace, friendly
relations among all the nations of the world, to promote mutual respect and
harmony through non-aggression, to solve international conflicts through
cooperation, by refraining from violating security or integrity of any entity by
any means. US has violated all above mentioned agendas and statues which by
accepting international harmony and peace for all quarters can be guaranteed.

Jazeera, A. (2017, December 31).Decision of Trump is
criticized and condemned all over the world .Palestinian president Muhammad
Abbas and Palestinian Christian leader rejected this decision .Turkey’s Prime
Minister Binali Yildirim and Saudi Arabia king Salman bin Abdul-Aziz also
rejected this decision  they said that
Islamic world is united against this decision .Turkish President Recep Tayyip
Erdogan warn America to step back from his ugly decision .Malaysian leader
Najib Razak headed a protest involving thousands of Muslims against
Trump’s  decision . All Islamic states
including Pakistan, Iran, Qatar, Syria, Egypt, Jordan, and Libya condemned
Trump’s decision and demanded to take back his decision favoring Israel in OIC
meeting held in Turkey. Chief of European Union criticized this decision in UN
Security Council on DEC 7, 2017 they held a meeting where 14 out of 15 members
criticized and condemned Trump’s decision. Also before Trump’s decision in NOV
2017, 151 nations of General assembly rejected Israel claims of recognition
Jerusalem as a capital of Israel. After Trump’s decision in General assembly
128 countries condemned Trump’s act and only 9 countries favored it.

Jeffery, S. (2003, October 22). United Nations general
assembly and its 15-member security council maintain international peace and
international security. From very start UNO involved in this conflict but
unable to solve this issue. In 1947 they planned partition for Palestine and in
1948 they called Jerusalem no man’s land. In June 1967 Israel defeated 3 Arabs
state only in 6 days and captured land over Palestine during this war UN Security
Council asked Israel to withdraw its armed forces from recently occupied areas.
In 1973, 1978, 1990, 1991 2000 UN played a role regarding this issue or played
a minor role. UNO is up till now unable to stop violation of international law
in Palestine. UNO is totally failed there.


Discussion &Conclusion

United State has violated international law by recognizing
Jerusalem as Israel capital because it not only violates United Nations
Security Resolution 242 but also Oslo Accords according to which the issue of
Jerusalem would be settling through negotiations. This decision has not only
endangered Palestinians, but also disturbs the whole Middle East region and its
effects can be around the world. This decision also encourages Israel to
increase their settlements across the Gaza Strip and West Bank which Israel
already doing by violating the various peace agreements between Israel,
Palestine and other Arab countries. Mr. Trump is no less than a racist,
neo-Nazi or a hardliner fundamentalist who describes national interests in such
a vague and absurd manner which destroys good will and element of mutual trust
at the level of international community. 
The policy announced and pronounced by 
Trump Administration about Jerusalem as the de jure and de facto capital
of state of Israel has sent shock waves 
throughout  the capitals of
Muslims states and a strong response has been emerged  which is proving fatal for world peace which
is already under threat. New policies are making no rationale and heinous
consequences are ahead.

Jerusalem is a spiritual place of Muslims, Christians,
Judaism and Abrahamic religions .Every country and every religion has its own
interest and faith there as a result different conflicts takes place which
destroys life of natives living there. USA is superpower whose role must be
fair and equal but this is not something good US support Israel there because
of its great interest in middle east, US decisions over this conflict are
always one-sided .UNO is not playing his role in a right way it does not accept
Palestine a state . Behavior of US and UNO is unsatisfied. Israel Palestine
conflict is very serious and controversial issue it must be solved fairly to
maintain international peace and security .Peace is not an easy come outcome
but requires heeded struggle and its inverse is destruction  which may not be suited to anyone in
this  nuclear age which can trigger any
conflict to  Armageddon by
exhausting  millions of people with the
trigger of  single bomb, the  global approaches are changing from
globalization to internal protectionism and 
neo-radicalization and excessive 
self centered  approach .  Now, it is need of time for countries like US
to show responsibility towards global peace by undoing ling held practice of
abandoning Palestine issue by violating all the international rules and
regulations to be exclusively polarized towards Israel. USA must realize that
gone are the days when its sole hegemonic power was unchallenged and unopposed.



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