“To the subject has no say in how

“To ignore
phtojournalism Is to ignore
history. – Howard Chapnick, president, Black Star Photo
is photojournalism?  Photojournalism is
using images to communicate the news. Since the mid nineteenth century it has
shaped the way millions of people see the world (Stewart 2017).  Will photojournalism be the only creditable
source of images of world culture in years to come? (Newton, 2013) Photojournalism is a term created by Frank Luther Mott;
he was a Historian and Dean of the University of Missouri School of Journalism.

(Collins 2018)One
of the main differences between photojournalism and other forms of photography
is that the subject has no say in how the photographs are constructured or
used. (Light Stalking, 2012)In
the early stages of Photojournalism, War Photography and Photojournalism had a
strong link. Photojournalism only developed due to the improvements in
technology.  Early Photographs were
printed using engravings. The Illustrated
London News was the first publication to make use of the technology available.

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American Civil war was one of the first wars to be captured on camera. A man
called Mathew Brady received permission from President Licon to travel to the
battle sites to photograph the brutality and horror of war. Due to technological
limitations Brady could not photograph his subjects in movement.  The
second half of the nineteenth century saw a shift of focus in photojournalism. Its
main focus was no longer on War and Disaster Photos. For example a man named John
Thomson along with journalist Adolphe
Smith depicted the life of people
on the streets of London. From 1876 to 1877, Street Life in London
revolutionized the field as images were used instead of words as the dominant
means of story telling. (Stewart 2017). The
invention of the Lecia 35mm Camera revolutionalised Photojournalism. This is
known as the Golden Age of photojournalism. (Stewart 2017).   New
inventions along with greater public interest pushed photojournalism to new
heights. It occurred between the 1930’s and the 1960’s. There are many famous
photographers during the Golden age such as Walker
Evans, Dorothea Lange and Gordon Parks. Before this a photograph of professional quality
required bulky equipment but the invention of the lecia camera meant
photographers could capture photos anywhere at anytime. This meant that
photographs were no longer staged or posed. The new invention allowed photographers
to capture events as they really happened.  Photojournalism became more portable than
ever. The beginning of the 19th century lead
to the invention of Photojournalism magazines. The life Magazine was one of the most famous photojournalism
magazines of its time. Henry Luce founded life magazine. The pictorial life
magazine was launched on November 23rd 1936 Luce truly believed the
phrase “A picture can paint a thousand words”. (cite this) The
first cover of the magazine depicted the Fort Pec Dam in Montanna by Margaret.

Bourke.White. The magazine made history as it was as it portrayed political
problems and issues through the visual form of photographs. From 1936 to 1972
LIFE’s covers portrayed the largest news stories of the 20th century(Rothman and Ronk, 2016). From World War II to the
assassination of President Kennedy. The most remarable trait of LIFE magazine
is the fact that it covered the biggest new stories through photography alone. (Rothman
and Ronk, 2016)Life had a small
life span of thirty-seven years, however it made an extradinaory impact during
this time. (History as it Happened, 2007). Women
became leading figures in the Golden age of Photojournalism. Margaret Bourke-White became
the first American female war reporter. (Stewart 2017). 
 As perviosuly mentioned she become the first
photographer of the first ever LIFE cover. (Rothman
and Ronk, 2016) Dorothea
Lange is resposible for one of the most renowed photographs that documented The
Great Depression. It is known as “Migrant Mother”. The photograph
dicpicts a young “desparate” and “hungry” mother surrounded by her children.

The women look past the camera with worn and worried eyes. 
Lange photographed over 160,000 thousand images for the Resettlement
Administration but the “Migrant Mother” stands alone as one of the most iconic
photgraphs of it’s time. (Rothman
and Ronk, 2016)   Modern
major attention to photojournalism only took off in the late 1960’s and 1970’s
when photography was beinging to fade as one of the major modes of mass media.

Television began to rise in popularity and photography began to fall. Leading
to the closure of majour photojournalism magazines such as LOOK in 1971 and
LIFE in 1972. However as television grew in popularity critics began to dicuss
the impact of photojournalism. Examples include Pierre Bourdieu’s early work on
photography as a Middle-brow Art (1965) to John Berger’s series of books on
pictorial communication. This is sometimes refered to as a period of “High
Modernism” for photography scholarship. (Brennen
and Hardt, 1999)  Cartier-Bresson had a huge social impact on photojournalism. Bresson is
famous for his phrase  ” the decisive
moment” This is captured in one of his most famous photographers depicting a
man leaping a millisecond bedsore his foot hits the puddle. This photo was only
achievable due to the invention of the Leica 35 mm camera  However photojournalism has changed over time due to technoligical and
social impacts. In the early stages of Photojournalism the auentivity of a
photo could always be gaureteented. However today with photoshop only a click
away the authenticity of the photo cannot be gaurenteed. For example the winner
of World Press Photo competition in 2015 prize was revoked when the
photographer sumited wrong captions of his work. The photographer cited wrong
locations of his photos. (Kordic,




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