Understanding Medical And Social Model Of Disability Social Work Essay

The apprehension of disablement is still unknown to many people. The manner people see disablement have different significance to the manner society see disablement. Different civilizations have different significance to the term disablement. There are some people, who consider people with disablement are paying for their wickednesss. It is believed that they must hold done something bad in their pervious life and are paying for it in this life. Because of some cultural differences, they largely are labelled to be look through negative positions.

Swain ( 2003 ) says that what term societies are meant to utilize? ‘Disable People ‘ or ‘People With Disability. ‘ Using the term ‘People with Disability ‘ is considered more human and more positive compared to ‘Disabled Peoples ‘ it makes people experience portion of the society alternatively of being left out.

To do people with disablement feel more portion of the society the authorities bought Torahs so that everyone was every bit, the DDA Act 1995. However it got alteration in 2005.

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The ( Disability Discrimination Act ) DDA Act 2005 provinces that ‘as holding a disablement for the intents of the DDA where they have a physical or mental damage which has a significant and long-run inauspicious consequence on their ability to transport out normal daily activities. ‘ ( Department of work pension 2005 )

Yet what can be considered ‘day to twenty-four hours activities? ‘ It is non clearly defined right as some people with disablement could utilize some portion of their organic structure where there are some who can non. Because of this people with disablement are frequently labelled and left out.

Naming person disability or shit or deaf and shit is being labelled. Bing labelled is rather negative towards people with disablement. It makes them experience that the society does non see them equal. This discourages some people to do friends or travel out into the society.

Shakespeare ( 2006 ) explains that labelling is viewed negatively in the disablement communities. It is because, people with disablement do non desire to be labelled and inquire other people for aid. Some people do non desire to inquire for charity.

If people do necessitate assist, how do they come across it? Do they hold to supply grounds that they are disabled?

Which moves to the medical and the societal theoretical account of disablement?

The medical theoretical account of disablement is sees the handicapped individual as the job. They are meant to accommodate and suit in to the universe and if it ‘s non possible so they are shut off. ( Rieser 2002 )

The societal theoretical account of disablement the societal theoretical account is a construct which recognises that some persons have physical or psychological differences which can impact their ability to map in societies. ( Brain.HE 2006 )

The medical theoretical account is used for those that need aid. It is with the medical theoretical account that people can acquire support. If single demands aid from the authorities and necessitate money or any other support they need to travel through a series of procedure where they would hold to under appraisal to see if they can measure up for aid.

The medical theoretical account is used through scrutiny or testing or by professional expert which will so give grounds if you have a disablement or non.

The advantage of the medical theoretical account is that it can supply support to those that need aid. It can supply finicky support and can besides supply information to those single that need operation and can besides supply counsel to a remedy.

The medical theoretical account can besides portion understanding towards others as it can do other people understand the similar quandary that they may be confronting every bit good. However, a remedy was something that could assist in understanding that the medical theoretical account and gave people the belief that their disablement would travel off.

Yet like any other theoretical account that have been discovered the medical theoretical account has its mistake. For illustration in the medical theoretical account the person is the 1 that has an abnormalcy. That the disablement is in the individual and the lone manner is to bring around it.

Another job with the medical theoretical account was that the environment was ignored. If person had an accident, it was considered a calamity yet if person had been born with damage, it was considered a disablement.

The medical theoretical account besides considered that they are independent on themselves and will ever necessitate aid from others or charities. It made them look pathetic and helpless.

However, the job was that the medical theoretical account is still dominated because, to cognize what is go oning to an person, they need to be buttockss.

It was besides used more as a review than by the medical professional themselves. It is the occupation of the professional to happen a remedy and to assist those that need aid.

Because of the medical theoretical account, people began to believe otherwise and the societal theoretical account comes into procedure.

The societal theoretical account of disablement was the ‘big thought ‘ , in the British disablement motion. ( Shakespeare and Watson 2003 p3

It was a starting point to those who felt that the medical theoretical account did non assist. It gave those single the point where they did non necessitate to depend on others.

The societal theoretical account of disablement was at that place to assist people with disablement feel portion of the community. With the theoretical account, it can get the better of barriers such as labelling and any other barriers that society can come up with. ( Crow 1996 ) pp66 ) states that the societal theoretical account was a agency to get away.

It was meant for those persons who wanted to get the better of any issues sing disablement. The people see that being disabled is non a bad thing. That you can make many twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours activity like any other individual. It makes a better societal relationship with the society.

However, like the medical theoretical account, the societal theoretical account had its mistake. Where an person needs aid, now believes that the societal theoretical account is doing them experience that they are excessively being ‘pitied ‘ that they can non make anything by themselves.

The theoretical account is of import because it enables the designation of a political scheme and its chief focal point was to seek and take barriers, which helped, because the medical theoretical account did non seek to take barriers such as external 1s.

The societal theoretical account besides focuses on the influence of the household, the income, the instruction and any other factors as good.

However, there is now a displacement. Once where the medical theoretical account was dominated and was the reply to most inquiries has transportation to the societal theoretical account. But, here lies the job every bit good. The societal theoretical account is now considered outdate as good.

Union of the Physical Impairment Against Segregation ( UPIAS ) called for an alternate theoretical account of disablement.

Mark, 1999 said that the societal theoretical account argues that the cardinal issues are that the person must hold a ‘positive individuality ‘ as handicappeds. With this it showed that unless you have a label, you can non be given aid. This shows that, even though the societal theoretical account is at that place to assist, the medical theoretical account still dominates and now the societal theoretical account is outdated because people with disablement do non desire to be looked at as needy.

Tom Shakespeare is one of those who believe that the societal theoretical account is an out-of-date and that need much more updating. In the diary ‘research in societal scientific discipline and disablement ‘ he wrote an article dedicating that the societal theoretical account of disablement is now outdated. He explains that the theoretical account needs to be improved from new way. It needs to be bettering as societal civilizations are need and different positions are need as its more focal point on the British people and demands to be position from different civilization as good.

The societal theoretical account of disablement is besides being criticised by Grabe and Peters ( 2004 ) who explain that the societal theoretical account demands to recognize the significance of bodily experience. That it is non easy to separate between people with disablement and people without disablement. They besides explain that the theoretical account does non cover everything. The theoretical account is at that place to do a individual feel of import about them and that they would experience that the theoretical account is assisting them.

Oliver 2009 ( p49 ) criticise that, there are five of import things have come from the societal theoretical account of disablement. The first 1 is that the theoretical account does non see the worlds of damage, as the theoretical account is based on misinterpretation because the theoretical account is non based on personal experience.

The 2nd is that the hurting of damage and disablement is ignored by the society. The 3rd is that it is unable to integrate societal sates and societal division. The 4th is issues of distinctness. This is where it is viewed from other individual ‘s position, and the concluding is that the societal theoretical account is unequal.

This shows that the societal theoretical account of disablement now is outdated as there are many jobs that theoretical account is confronting.

In decision, it is shown that the societal theoretical account is outdated and the society needs a new position. But there lies that job. Because where the societal theoretical account was a new thing now has become outdated, what will go on when there might be a 3rd theoretical account. Will they consider the new theoretical account outdates when its clip will come. It seems to be traveling in a rhythm.

The societal theoretical account of disablement has its mistake like the medical theoretical account disablement. However, unlike the societal theoretical account the medical theoretical account of disablement, it is still dominated despite the tendency towards the societal theoretical account, the medical theoretical account is needed for those persons who need back up finically and support from the authorities. Yet at the same clip they do non desire to go dependent on the authorities every bit good. This besides causes the issues, as the societal theoretical account of disablement is at that place to back up those persons who need to experience that they want to make something for their lives and non merely depend on others.

Writer such as Liz Crow, Tom Shakespeare and Michael Oliver, all believe that the societal theoretical account of disablement is outdated. Their factors are that the societal theoretical account of disablement does non cover all factors that are necessary and needed. They believe that the theoretical account needs to be looked at a new angle or modify or even convey in a new theoretical account, as the current one is giving jobs.

If the society does convey in a new theoretical account will it non knock the theoretical account as good? As all it seems that people do is knock that this theoretical account is non good or that theoretical account is non good.

True the societal theoretical account of disablement needs a new alteration, but despite the theoretical account being outdated, the theoretical account still helps those single experience better about them. The theoretical account has given encouragement to those single with disablement, the ability to give something back to the society.

The medical theoretical account of disablement is at that place for the medical professional as counsel in effort to happen a remedy as the medical theoretical account of disablement gives facts merely and the societal theoretical account is at that place for support and moral and encouragement and is effectual to those people with disablement.

There will be some single that will kick about their state of affairs compared to others, and will state that they need excess support, but what these people need to understand is that they need to stand up and go braver. True, there have been instances where persons with disablement have had adversities and have had no support, but what they need to understand is that the theoretical accounts do non run their lives ; they simply are counsel on how they should populate morally and finically.

The medical theoretical account of disablement gives facts and the societal theoretical account gives support. So despite the societal theoretical account being outdated, the societal theoretical account of disablement makes it experience to those single people that they have support that they need, therefore the theoretical account is still affectional.

Word Count: 2000

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