I will discourse both the personal and professional values that influence societal work pattern and discourse a peculiarly ambitious experience I had with two service users who came for reding where myself and a qualified societal worker was to help the service user. The names of the service users have been changed to guarantee confidentiality.An of import thing to recognize sing values in societal work pattern, harmonizing to the Central Council for Education and Training in Social Work ( CCETSW ) is that “ values are built-in to instead than divide from competent pattern. Therefore there can be no such thing as value free societal work pattern. Such is the influence of values in societal work pattern that CCETSW set out six nucleus values, that the pupil must show competency in, before she/he can be awarded the Diploma in Social Work. The first of these values is: “ to place and oppugn their ain values and biass, and there deductions for pattern ” .
It is non easy to recognize your ain values, as frequently they are unconscious thoughts or positions, which can merely be challenged or changed, when brought to the witting degree.Personal, social, political and cultural experiences influence the values that an single develops, so it is of import to go cognizant of these influences. The values people hold affect the manner they act and handle other people, without an consciousness of this people can unconsciously move in what may be perceived as an oppressive and prejudiced manner.
Another of the nucleus value demands of CCETSW 1995, and one, which highlights one of the quandary faced by Social Workers, is: “ Promote people ‘s rights to pick, privateness, confidentiality and protection, while recognizing and turn toing the complexnesss of viing rights and demands ” . ( CCETSW 1995 ) . To exemplify this trouble what follows is a description of a ambitious pattern I have experienced, during a guidance session I had with a adult females whom I shall name Jane. Jane came for guidance because she was in a violent relationship. She described how her hubby both physically and mentally abused her, and that she had a history of maltreatment from commanding work forces.
She had returned to London from Pakistan where she and her hubby lived, after he had one time once more abused her whilst she was in the procedure of make up one’s minding whether to remain in Wales or return to her hubby in Pakistan. Her hubby has two kids from a old relationship, for which he has detention, although this was non a peculiar concern for Jane, for me there could be a struggle of viing rights. Jane had a right to privateness and confidentiality, but the kids had a right to protection. Confidentiality in cases such as this “ … may be breached, where it is provably in the client ‘s involvement or where there is an overruling concern for the rights of other people, when for illustration the behavior of the client may jeopardize others ” .
( Social Care Association 1988 ) .Had my function in this been that of a Child and Family Social Worker the rights of the Children would hold been paramount. As I worked with Jane I became cognizant of my ain values which were pressing me to protect her, and desiring to promote her to stay in London. Merely by reflecting on my pattern did I become cognizant, I could hold become another commanding male figure and missed the chance to enable her to take control for herself.Jane made her determination to return to her hubby in Pakistan, I did non hear from her once more for one months, after which clip she made another assignment to see me – this clip with her hubby who I shall name Bill.When they came to see me and my co-worker I was cognizant that I had seen Jane on her ain antecedently and was careful to guarantee the things she had talked about were kept confidential, and that I did non by chance unwrap these to Bill.
Jane had told me her narrative from which I had developed my ain image of Bill, before even run intoing him. Bill was a big adult male, really loud and appeared aggressive at first, I was a small concerned about the safety of Jane, myself and my co-worker, in that first meeting. When composing my notes after the session, and analyzing what went on, one of the inquiries I had of my pattern was: What had Bill done to do me experience threatened? He did non verbally or physically assail me, or do any menaces, after contemplation, I felt it could hold been because he was different. Bill was from a different civilization of Pakistani Pataan descent, he was tall and a to a great extent physique, and his manner of communication was to shout as that is how he got attending. If I were to work positively and constructively with Bill, I needed to move in an anti oppressive and anti prejudiced manner, to guarantee that he received the same regard that all clients have a right to, and that I treated him as a alone person.
Harmonizing to Egan ( 1990 ) regard means valuing the individualism of service users, back uping each service user in his or her hunt for ego, and personalising the assisting procedure to the demands, capablenesss, and resources of this client. Effective assistants do non seek to do service users over in their ain image and similitude. On the other manus, regard does non intend promoting service users to develop or keep a sort of individuality that is self destructive or destructive of others. Egan ( 1990 pp65 )Having recognised my ain personal biass, I was able to place more clearly the strengths Bill had and to construct on them.
This had quite an impact on future reding Sessionss. Bill valued being listened to and respected, his voice degree lowered and he stopped to listen to Jane which gave her the chance to state him how she felt. As we progressed the reding relationship became more of a partnership, we looked at the different ways they communicated, Bill began to ‘own ‘ the force he had antecedently denied and Jane grew in assurance, and was able to show her ain demands and outlooks. We agreed to put undertakings and ends each hebdomad that enabled them to look into their advancement, which farther empowered them.Authorization is a term widely used, and frequently misunderstood as giving your power to person else ; there are several definitions but this one, I think, describes it good:It is normally assumed by many that empowerment involves taking away the worker ‘s power, However, if this is done, it will of class make him or her less effectual and hence of less value or usage. Authorization is a affair of assisting people gain greater control over their lives, assisting them to go better equipped to cover with the jobs and challenges they face – particularly those that involve seeking to counter or get the better of favoritism and subjugation. ( Thompson, 1998b, p9 )To authorise is to enable people to increase control of their lives, non to command others, Bill needed to recognize that by taking control of his life, he besides needed to command his behavior non to command others. Empowering is besides helpful in allowing clients see their jobs in the wider socio-political context as in the instance of Jane.
-for illustration, by assisting a adult female who has experienced force at the manus of her spouse to go cognizant of the broader societal job of domestic force and it ‘s links with male power in society, so that she does non see her ain state of affairs as merely an unfortunate development or, worse still, something she has brought on herself ( Mullender, 1996 ) .Through this experience Jane found the assurance to stand up to Bill, stating him she would merely return to the matrimony if things changed. Bill found a more constructive manner of communication, he became more unfastened to looking at alteration, and I learnt a batch more about my ain personal and professional values and their influence on pattern.There are a few theories that explain the development of our ain attitudes and values.
Thompson ( 1993 ) developed a “ PCS theoretical account ” . The P degree is our ideas, feelings, actions and attitudes although an person can besides be shaped by the civilization we live in. The C degree is demoing the involvements and influence of society as reflected in the values and norms we receive during socialization.
Finally the S degree is fundamentally the construction of society we live in. Even though we have single ideas and attitudes, the people we portion our lives with form them and they in bend are shaped by the norms and values passed to them by society.As I have discussed, values have a major influence on Social work pattern, the personal values we have affect the manner we act from birth through to old age, and our values can alter as we develop, both personally and professionally and they can conflict with each other.
The nucleus values set by CCETSW underpin the work and enables Social Workers to work in an anti oppressive and anti prejudiced manner and these values have changed over clip and I would propose, will go on to alter when necessary in the hereafter. It is indispensable that Social Workers have and awareness and cognition of these values as they have a important affect on the vulnerable service users they work with.