Urbanization and the ever rising urban population is a concern in India and worldwide. The urban population in India during 2001-2011 of 31.8% is contrastingly high to the 17.6% of growth in national population (Census of India 2011). This has eventually resulted in overexploitation of city’s resources leading to a decreased quality of life and environmental damage. Cities are also blamed to have taken its toll on the mental and physical health of the city dwellers with reduced exposure to nature. Visakhapatnam is no different a case. Being the largest populous city in the state, its implosive growth is eating up on its natural elements. Statistics. Social. Growing urban density intrinsically lead to cramming people into unnatural restricted spaces. Where people’s lives are constrained to the basic needs only. Especially the space requirement. It is assumed that our needs can be met from places away from the highly dense cities. Though many of the requirements can be met sustainably at a global scale, meeting social requirements is highly unmanageable.
Social issues in urban areas:
Cities are made of neighborhoods and each neighborhood provides a physical area within which the dwellers create their social world. The success of the neighborhood along with many other factors also depends on the social wellbeing of the neighborhood. They form a base for wider activities, providing many of the social services that link individuals with each other, giving rise to a sense of community. (Power, 2007). However, High-density settlements inevitably bring with them many social complications. Rising density has also caused lack of community sense (Walter, 1978). Social alienation is also a rising urban problem.
Neighborhood parks are Open space developed in residential environments; publicly developed and managed as part of the zoned open space of cities, or as part of new private residential development; may include playgrounds, sport facilities, etc. Neighborhood parks are known to counter the ecological damage and the toxicity induces by urbanization. However, they serve more than just an ecological advantage. They are also places for social integration and a favorable place for health and nature contemplation. Government bodies in urban India tend to focus more on the preservation of existing greenery than on afforestation (Banerjee & Imam, 2016). Much less attention is being paid to that type of nature close to where people live and work.