Vijay scenes with a limited number of characters.

Tendulkar is a leading Indian playwright, movie and television writer, literary
essayist, political journalist, and social commentator primarily in Marathi.
Vijay Tendulkar has received both bouquets and brickbats in a playwriting
career that has spanned five decades. He is internationally known as a path-breaking
theatre writer and plays a vital role in the modernization of Indian Theatre,
is primarily traditional until his plays appeared on the stage. He brings many
changes to Marathi drama without deviating from the stage completely and
combines facts and fiction in his drama very nicely and paints the reality of
the world in sharp colours. We can see vivid picture of the present day society
in his plays. Being concerned with journalism, he automatically came across
various types of persons. His requirements are fulfilled due to the newspaper
reports or incidents narrated to him. Tendulkar gradually rebelled against the
tradition and became the dramatist of the new age.

also writes his plays to account the disillusion and aggressive violent
reaction of young educated generation against his society. He is associated
with the Marathi Experimental Theatre, presents his plays on the lives of
educated lower class graduates, who become misfits in the society due to
unemployment.  Their disillusionment
reminds them of their traditional suppression by the upper caste and reacts
violently to avenge the trouble makers. 
The constitution of Independent India has conferred upon equal rights to
men and women.  It is unconstitutional to
make any type of discrimination on the grounds of religion, caste, colour and
sex.  However, when we see through
practical point of view, we noticed that people of lower caste as well as women
are not treated with equality.  Like
ancient period their life is not protected in this modern age also.  Day to day, the incidences of violence and
criminality against women and the oppressed are rising.  To answer all these aspects, Tendulkar wrote
the play Kanyadaan.  It can be considered
as a fictionalization of the real life saga of most of the Indian people.  It depicts the problem of untouchability in
the Indian society and the violence and disillusionment of the Indian
Youth.  It focusses on the contemporary
social problems associated with domestic violence between the spouses which is
generated out of the class differences of spouses.  Through the characters of Arun and Jyothi Vijay
Tendulkar successfully exposed the masochistic, hypocritical behaviour of the
modern society.

Kanyadaan (1983), a controversial play has two acts, five scenes with a limited
number of characters. In the first scene of the first act, Jyoti informs her
parents her decision to marry Arun Athavle, a Dalit youth. Seva is shocked to
know it but Nath is relaxed and happy inside because he wants to remove the
class-system which is his dream. Nath says: “But if my
daughter had decided to marry into high caste, it wouldn’t have pleased me as
much…” (Tendulkar,504).   He accepts Jyoti to get married with Arun,
whom she knew for the last two months. Nath wishes to experiment with this
marriage, which is a sort of political act. In the second scene of the act one,
Jyoti brings Arun, who is dark Dalit youth doing his B. A. Jyoti is very much
interested in his poetry and his autobiography. In the first scene of the
second act, Jyoti arrives perplexed and looking unhappy. Then Arun follows,
rather drunk. He asks for Jyoti’s forgiveness as he had beaten her. Jyoti
leaves with him again. At this juncture also, Nath does not want his dream to
get broken before his eyes though he is aware of the plight of his own
daughter.  Nath
still thinks of this marriage as a significant social experiment. So he
desperately wants this marriage to work. Nath says; “We must save this
marriage. Not necessarily for our Jyoti’s sake…This is not just a question of
our daughter’s life, Seva, this has …a far wider significance…this experiment
is a very precious experiment”. (Tendulkar, 537)

In the second scene of the act two,
Arun’s autobiography gets published in which he is dealing with the theme of
oppression and miserable condition of the poor – the lower class. But the irony
is that Arun himself exploits Jyoti and lives as a parasite on her. Though
Jyoti is pregnant, he makes her work at home. His ill-treatment to Jyoti is a
kind of answer back from the Dalits to the upper-class. Arun asks Nath to
deliver a public speech on his autobiography but he refuses to do so. But
looking at the plight of his daughter, in the final scene of the second act,
Nath gives a hypocrite speech by praising Arun’s autobiography against his
will. Nath wants to prevent Jyoti from further annoyance, but Jyoti does not
tolerate this and she leaves home for forever. At the end, Nath, the idealist
is turned into the realist. He says at the end in rage that the entrance of
such dalit has polluted his home. That is how the drama ends with Jyoti’s
departure never to come back at the Nath’s home. Today
hatred, anger, retaliation and violence are the striking parts of the
society.  Though the government attempts
to stop such kind of domestic violence, man continues to be violent.  The roots of man’s violence are found in his
blood which cannot be uprooted with the help of rules and regulations or with
legal authorities. The feeling of violence is a natural instinct of human
mind.  It can be controlled but not
totally destroyed as shown in our play Kanyadaan. In the view of author, it is not the story of a victory; it
is the admission of defeat and intellectual confusion. It gives expression to a
deep-rooted malaise and its pains. 

to many thinkers like B.R. Ambedkar inter-caste marriage is one of the best
solutions to end the evil of caste. One important question comes to our mind:
Is the inter-caste marriage really the best solution to uproot caste trouble
from the society. Inter-caste marriage is considered as a complex social
concern especially in Indian context. Though many social reformers and
organisations declare it as the most important device for changing and
destroying caste system in Indian society, the inter-caste marriage is not
largely welcomed and encouraged in Indian society. It is observed that the
inter-caste married couple may face problems and difficulties, which other
couples are not necessary to face in society. This is because the inter-caste
marriage is the result of cultural differences between different castes, which
are brought up in different environment. Their way of living is very different.
So, they need time for adjustment and to destroy the cast dilemma. This play
highlights the caste and gender discrimination in Indian context. There is a
strong relation between caste and gender. Some people believe that there is a
close connection between the purity of women and purity of caste. Women have
been exploited for centuries in all over the world. They are depressed and
deprived of all rights even to speak or to act. They do not have any kind of
right as independent human beings. Moreover, they do not have courage to revolt
or raise a voice of rebellion and if it happens, it is immediately suppressed
and silenced.


 Ideal dramatist aims to make a change in the
ideology of Indian society. Through his writings, he tries to create an ideal
world where human being is treated equally with respect. This play highlights a
layer of complexities and shows the fact that it is not an easy task to solve
sociological problems. Through this play, the dramatist highlights different themes.
He does not portray a Dalit character that is oppressed by society and wants
equal rights with upper cast people. He presents Arun, as a young Dalit boy who
gets a chance to get married to a girl from upper class.

Thus, it is one
of the most gripping and socially relevant plays of Vijay Tendulkar. It is a play based on the
clash in between two families, two cultures, two principles, two religions
and two mentalities. In his plays the violence becomes the integral part as his
plays are based on reality and it deals with anger and commitment of the
educated, lower class young generation with whom violence becomes a day – to –
day routine affair.


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