Wearable Technology”Wearable technology” is acombination of two words wearable and technology. Wearable which means that canbe worn on and technology means skills, techniques and processes which arerequired to finish a goal.Wearable devices may be spectacles,Bluetooth headset, digital watch, bracelet etc. These devices have software,sensors or connectivity which enables the device to exchange data with theoperating or connecting device through internet. Interestingly, this exchangedoes not require any human intervention.History:Wearable Technology Market:TheKey Industries are:· Healthcare, Fitness, Wellness· Industrial and Military· Infotainment Applications: Wearable technology is growingrapidly and therefore this method has wide range of applications in present era.One can easily found its usage in commercial areas, navigation systems,healthcare, etc.
The usage of Wearable technology can be categorized into two broad ways: Personal usage Business usageIn these two types of wearable technology, wearabletech gadgets are used for the below functions: As fashion icon In fitness tracking machines While treating patients of hearing impairments For treatment of speech and voice disorders in patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease To synchronize data To check health issues, like stress management As a gauge for alertness and energy levels In navigation tools As media devices As communication gadgetsa) Wearable technology in healthsector: Everyone is well aware that wearable technology iswidely used in healthcare sector. In healthcare, this technology is used inmonitoring user’s health on daily basis, but to accomplish this function, it ismandatory that the device must be in close contact with the user so that it caneasily collect the required data. This collected data can be of any form like heartrate, total calories burned, steps walked, Blood pressure, total time spent in exercise,etc. Then the collected data is hustled together as a single unit to aid theuser in exercising and observing overall physical health. The other use of wearabletechnology is to measure the level of blood alcohol in the body and tocalculate athletic performance of the user to monitor the sickness level.
Aswearable devices have limitation of collecting data only, it is predominantlyused to get information about the well-being of the person, not to make the decisionsabout health.b) In entertainment: Theinvention of virtual real-time headsets and augmented real-time glasses hascome to epitomize wearable in entertainment. Wearable’s intention is to createa more immersive media familiarity by either simulating a firsthand experienceor displaying the media in the user’s full field of visualization. There arevarious devices like television, films, video games, etc.
have been developedfor these tech gadgets. One of the most common examples of the usage ofwearable technology in entertainment sector is the use of spectacles to record videofrom the user’s perspective and then pairs it with a phone in order to post it onsocial media website like Snapchat. c) Industrial and Military: Smartglasses are used in airplane manufacturing.
Soldiers can aim the gun withoutactually looking at their enemies, shoot around corners or over hills andbarricades. This technology is used to monitor physical state and injuries ofthe soldiers and for better communication between troops and military dogs.CurrentDevelopments:Presently,wearable devices exemplify a hundred million dollar industry and, sports andactivity trackers are at the top of the popular items. High-end devices thatare able to support a wide range of features is continue to sneak into themarket. However, there are many drawbacks with the technology that limit its effectiveness.Existingdevices often need pairing with a Smartphone or tablet to access theirfunctionality. The other trouble is the problemof perception with many consumers at a loss as to what advantages and probableapplications these devices may provide. Lack of function, high purchase costand, most importantly, the out-of-date nature of current wearables all remain obstaclesin adoption.
While the response for wearable tech gadgets in today’s market islimited, market estimatesrapid and robust growth in this field.Some of the currently used devices are as mentionedbelow:1. The smartwatch: Currently the smartwatches are used as a fashion icon, infitness tracking and to capture images.
They still lack the functionalityneeded to capture the attention of many users. Many consumers loath to purchaseexpensive items that are unable to operate effectively as a stand-alone device.A wide range of applications that may become available in the near future has thepotential to make smartwatches a must-have item. At the moment, only high-end watchesare able to differentiate themselves from fitness trackers. Apple watch is anexample of such device that needs to be in close touch withthe user and an iPhone to function efficiently. 2.
Smartglassesand Visual-Based Wearables:No doubt, Smartglasses are lagging the watches, but these devices have mammoth capabilityto provide access to enormous features and innovations. Though Google Glass is littlemore than a testing platform, other devices like Oculus Rift, DIY cardboardheadsets allow smartphones to be used for VR and AR applications offer anindication into the future of this technology. Smartglasses have the potentialto change the business perception of professionals. One of the most commonexamples is Google glass, invented by Google on April 16,2013.
It is used to send rich-text and notifications via a heads-up displayworn as eyeglasses to the database. “OK Glass” voice command activates thevarious functions of the device. 3. Navigation Tools: Wearabletechnology is used in navigation systems to indicate the user about the path tofollow. An example of this system is the use of footwear that was introduced inHyderabad, India. The insoles of the shoe are connected to a smartphoneapplication that uses Google Maps and it vibrates when user needs to take turnin order to reach their destination. FutureDevelopments:Wearable technology has begun to expand its legs. Researchersare already spending time to explore it further to develop many moreapplications.
Many institutes are already developing and testing technologiesin this field like research is being done to improve haptic technology for itsintegration into the next generation wearable. Long-termtech developments are difficult to predict with any degree of precision. Withsmaller and more powerful devices being made available for lower costs and withmany applications, the future of this technology seems to be bright. Thepossible developments in this technology are as below:1. Healthcare: The assimilation of wearables into healthcare has beena focus of research and development for numerous institutions. There is projectfocusing on use of wearable technology to help the visually impaired innavigating their surroundings. The companies are also trying to make watchesand other wearables that can observe the activity of the user and boost him/herto exercise in order to stay fit. Theadditional opportunities are gadgets like watches and jewellery can monitor theuser for complete range of health conditions, from cardiovascular disease tobipolar disorder, and communicate alerts to you and your doctor.
Sensor and cameraladen fire fighting jackets will track the vital signs and locations of squadmembers to keep them safe and to maximize tactical usefulness. Right now, there is no otherway to count the various aspects of blood chemistry and other constraints thosecan be measured only via sensors which remain inside the body. Such ‘in-body’sensors could be developed in the coming months and years. With thisdevelopment medicinal research and medical diagnosis would be transformed, usuallife expectancy will increase, healthcare cost will reduce, etc. 2. Dietary Management: Sportswear Companies are researching andplanning to develop jerseys, shoes, bracelets having sensors and wirelesscircuitry. Such type of devices would merge an in-body sensor and cloudcomputing technique.
In-body sensor would identify the nutritional value of theuser’s body and will send it to a cloud-computing service. This cloud-baseddevice would then analyse that value in order to give feedback to the userregarding what they should eat. With such in-body sensor, it would also bepossible to send real-time report to the cloud about the diet and then the usercould give this data to the third-party service provider for further analysis.As an outcome of this analysis, the service supplier would make suggestionswhat he/she should eat and what to buy at the supermarket. For this purpose theuser’s location would be tracked by the service provider.
Additionally, theservice provider could also make recommendations for menu of an individual or wholefamily at mealtimes. As the service provider would know the user’s healthcondition; any deficiency or excess, so the required menu could be suggested. 3. Car Insurance: If a user is wearing smartglasses, then thoseglasses would record the whole journey. It means that any crash or accidentcould be recorded in the database.
Interestingly, if an in-body sensor wascombined with such pair of smartglasses, then the insurance company can easily concludewhether the user consumed too much alcohol or was driving after having lack ofsleep due to the ability of the sensor to monitor sleeping patterns. 4. Police and Security: In future, smartglasses would be combined withpolice database and facial recognition software.
The police officer will use smartglassesto get information about a person within his field of view. The police officerwill wear smarglasses and talk to various suspects and people and the resultinginformation will be projected into the database. The officer’s smartglassescould take clip of that person and then will pass it to a cloud service where facedetection technology would match the image with the entries of the policedatabase.
The police officer might not know with whom he was taking to, butthis technology would alert him if the person was a suspect, had criminalrecord or had no police history at all. The research is also going on tointegrate the facial recognition camera technology that is already in use atairport or mall gates into smart glasses, to alert a police officer whensuspect is roaming nearby him. 5. Outdoor Pursuits Navigation: So far Google Maps service is used incars or pedestrians for navigation purpose. But, in future, there ispossibility that such navigation services could be developed for those whoengage in outdoor pursuits. It is very challenging and potentially hazardous toski under bad weather conditions. In such weather, even an expert skier isunable to calculate the speed, angle of slope or shape of an upcoming terrain.
But,if Google Glass technology is integrated into ski goggles then this problemcould be solved. With this technology, Skiers would get information about thefollowing path from the pre-stored route in database. The similar applicationscan also be used in mountain walking, sailing and off-road running.6.
Personal Trainer: The problem that individuals are facing thesedays with the trainers is the lack of knowledge to train efficiently. If afitness tracking system were to be joined with a wireless ear-bud system and acloud-based service (personal trainer) then this problem could be alleviated. By checking the user’s oneweek data, the service would have fairly detailed information about the user’scurrent fitness. Then the user will use his/her wireless ear-bud to get requestslike ‘perform 10 press ups’ and then ‘perform 10 squats’ etc. The result ofthis exercise could be retrieved by the service to further calculate thefitness level of the user and to prompt accordingly.7. Arranging a Meeting: Arranging a meeting is very tedious processnow-a-days, but in future it could be very easy. The advanced smartwatch wouldarrange work meeting.
The user will turn on his smartwatch and will givecommand to arrange a meeting at this time. The calendar app will reply if it isfree or already scheduled. If it is free then it will ask for people to invitefor the meeting and then it will send invitation to the mentioned people. Ifall are able to come then it would confirm it else it will again repeat theprocess for different time. In this whole process, thesmart watch incorporates a voice-controlled UI, a cloud-based AI engine and aservice delivery infrastructure that is accessed in real time over the web.8. Memory Aid: We all have problem of forgetfulness with our memory.We are often unable to recall specific details of what happened in the past.
With future developments in smartglasses it might be possible to subscribe to a ‘remember this’ service wherespecific ‘frames’ or ‘time slots’ are documented for incisive in future. Itmight be business card of a partner, menu at a restaurant, technicalspecification. Every item could be labelled by the user via voice commands,location, time and date could be automatically added and then stored in auser’s cloud-based personal folder. All these items could then be accessibleanytime, anywhere. Further innovating thetechnology, optical character recognition technology could be used to assessthe data that the user had recorded. 9. The smart watch: The smart watches’ anticipated new features mightbe advanced heath monitoring and tracking, superior quality images and videos,single-touch interface, voice control and enhanced audio feedback.