“Why would a man who believed in no god sacrifice all he had; To kill or be killed in the pursuit of a cause–was the fate that called to him”, this line from the song “Epilogue” by Catch 22 honors the Russian revolutionary, Leon Trotsky. This though is not about Leon Trotsky, but rather another important revolutionary– Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara an Argentinian born Marxist revolutionary.
Ernesto Che Guevara was an Argentinian born revolutionary and military leader who lead the Cuban/July Revolution. Che was Marxist-Leninist leader well known for his work with the former leader of Cuba; Fidel Castro. Many have strong views about Che, some seeing him as a ruthless warlord and others seeing him as a heroic champion of the poor, even despite his communist/socialist views. While Che’s Leninist-Marxist beliefs also harmed the Cuban people by plunging Cuba into a war, he did though help free the Cuban people from the dictator Bolivia and help end America’s exploitation of financially poor coastal countries.Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara was born June 14, 1928 and passed away on October 9, 1967 at the age of 39.
Che grow up in a large upper-middle class family, attending a medical school at the university of Buenos Aires graduating in 1953.Some believe that Che got his leftist ideology during his 4,500-kilometer journey where he saw people he thought to be exploited by American capitalism. This was furthered when Che witnessed the overthrow of Guatemalan president Jacobo Árbenz. . He started his fame through his book known as ‘The Motorcycle Diaries’ an account of his 4,500-kilometer (2796 miles) journey through Northern Argentina in 1948. After graduating in 1953, Guevara continued traveling, winding up in Guatemala City where President Jacobo Arbenz was challenging the U.
S.-owned United Fruit Company’s claim to Guatemala’s fertile land. Here Guevara met Hilda Gadea, a Peruvian activist who introduced Guevara to the ideas of Mao Zedong the former Chairman of the Communist Party of China. They watched the 1954 CIA-sponsored overthrow Arbenz, plunging Guatemala into more than four decades of political violence. The solidified Guevara’s belief that Latin America’s major problem in the 1950s was “Yankee imperialism,” which he understood as the combined political, military, and economic power that U.S. policy makers and corporations and their local collaborators held over the region’s economy. It also persuaded him that armed revolution would be required to fix the problem in most of Latin America.
Guevara and Gadea parted ways, seeking the protection of their respective national embassies; by coincidence, they reunited in Mexico City and married. It was there Guevara had met Fidel Castro, who had led a effort in Cuba to overthrow the dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1953. After serving about two years in prison, Castro and other Cuban exiles regrouped in Mexico City. Castro and Guevara connected immediately.
The Cubans shared Guevara’s concern for the power wielded over Latin America by the United States and planned to do something about it. On Nov. 25, 1956 eighty-one Cubans and Guevara launched their invasion on Cuba. During the early 1900s the U.S. acquired banana plantations from economically poor countries establishing “banana republics”.
Che saw that the governments were exploiting the people of Guatemala