Will GeneticallyModified Organisms Solve the World’s Hunger problems? Hunger is prevalent inmany areas of the world. Many expertshave different ideas to solve today’s hunger problems; one of which is usingcurrent crop production technology such as Genetically Modified Organisms(GMOs) to ensure farmers obtain maximum yields. The bottom line, regardless ofhow it is accomplished, is to generate more food. How will that happen? A common thought isthat GMO commodities must be utilized as a standard tool in the process toeradicate hunger might be a poor solution. Is this the only way?There are many methodsout there to increase crop production that are not as expensive, nor aspolitically-motivated as GMO production. GMOs are just one of the most recent inventions that help our modern-dayfarmer meet or exceed his expected yields. These GMOs are specially designed to be pest-resistant, droughttolerant, and chemically superior, which all comes with a cost.
In order to have all of these traits, theseed comes at a higher price. These highcosts create too much financial burden on the small growers. This might increase production for some, butit will cause the small family farms to potentially go out of business. Maybe instead of increasing production withGMOs, the government could do better research to ensure bad famine years areaccurately predicted and prepared for. Accordingto Indian economist, Amartya Sen, it isn’t the lack of food as a whole, it isthe lack of food for those in need. Thismeans growing more food would not solve the problem.
Once again, many years later it wasdiscovered that the cost of food was the problem; meaning we are back to theavailability issue and not the issue that stems from the amount of food beingproduced.Even though increasingcrop production by use of GMOs may appear to address the world’s hungerproblems, it will cause farmers to change their ways and become more commercialized.This might results in both positive and negative effects. The overall goal for the GMO industry is toproduce more commodities, food higher in nutrients and higher profits for ourfarmers which fall into the benefit category. The negative impact is affordability for some of these smaller familyoperations that just can’t afford to continually purchase seeds year afteryear. It may seem logical for those well-offfarmers who have the funds to farm with GMO technology, but overall, basicfarming strategies that allow partnership with other like-industries could bethe answer because the problem really isn’t about hunger; it is aboutavailability.
Moseley,W. G. (2017). A RISKY SOLUTION FOR THE WRONG PROBLEM: WHY GMOs WON’T FEED THEHUNGRY OF THE WORLD. The Geographical Review, 107(4), 578+.