William Golding, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, postulates that the frightening but realistic story of mankind left everyone pondering, in his 1954 novel, Lord of the Flies. Golding deliberately uses the “beast” to illustrate evil and its existence in everyone; mankind’s dark side into savagery. His purpose is to make his readers aware of the immorality of human nature in order to help us examine the savagery that is dug deep in every human. Golding pairs the decentralization of Jack’s personality with Simon’s hallucinatory disclosure to portray a complete picture of humanity’s dark side — that which the schoolboys mention to as “the beast.
” Golding utilizes the boys’ trepidation of a mythical beast to exemplify their supposition that evil appears from an outer force rather than from themselves. At first, this menacing beast in their imagination takes the form as a snake type beast that camouflages itself as the jungle vines; afterwards, they appraise the likelihood of a creature that emerges from the sea or the additional existence of a ghost. When they notice the deceased parachuter who has settled on the mountaintop, the boys feel assured that they have evidence of a beast’s existence.
Golding explains the outcome of terror on both the individuals and on the whole group. For individuals, terror falsifies reality such as when Samneric’s dread at spotting the dead parachuter broadens their experience from simply spotting motion to being actively hunted down the mountain as they escape. When the others boys listen to Samneric’s tale, the group sink into a fearful hole. The boys don’t cooperate to conquer this frightful situation through unification but permit their depraved urge to rise and tyrannize, breaking up into rivals and savagely murdering one of their own in a hysteria of fear.Golding’s intention is to manifest that the evil is not narrowed to particular populations or circumstances. On the island, the beast is conveyed in the deadly dances, the painted faces, and the manhunt; in the outside society that corresponding desire for authority and command enacts out as a nuclear struggle. Preceding to the war, some of the children, such as the victimized Piggy, encountered the cruelty of others on the playground, a territory idealized as the delightful place of a untroubled childhood.
In a civilized society the beast disguises itself in different ways: through justifiable forms such as the army; in impermissible forms such as insanity or criminality, which holds disciplinary consequences; or masked in the activity of politics and other peaceful power acts. In the beginning of the book, the choir was described as “the creature was a party of boys, marching . . . “(19). It portrays the choirboys as the beast. This foreshadows that this group will eventually turn into a dark creature. The will eventually become the beast.
Jack skillfully utilizes the beast to exploit the other boys by making the beast as his tribe’s everyday rivalry, idol, and a structure of beliefs all in one. Jack uses different features of the beast depending on what outcome he is trying to attain.