Woojune which still have some effects on Korea.

Woojune KimCore A WibleFHPJan 15How did the assassination of Park Jung Hee positively affect Korea? Have you ever wondered what would have happened if JFK had not been assassinated? Perhaps the Vietnam War would not have happened, nor the Cold War. If Korean president Park Jung Hee hadn’t been killed, Korea would be very different in many ways such as the government, economy and earned Koreans their rights. It all started on October 26th, 1979 at a KCIA safehouse. The KCIA had been created to suppress opposition against Park by tapping, arresting and torturing anyone without interference from the court. The director of the KCIA at the time was Kim Jae-Kyu, who killed President Park. According to director Kim at his trial, he named five reasons for this assassination. He stated it was for democracy, to prevent more deaths, stop North Korea from improve relations with the US and to wash away the image of dictatorship in Korea. During the ensuing confusion in the country, General Chun Doo-hwan started a coup and took control, leading to violent protests that culminated in 1987 when Chun finally stepped out of office. So the assassination of Park Jung Hee had associations with the protests in the 1980’s, which still have some effects on Korea. Korea’s success today is, in part, due to the assassination of Park Jung Hee because it changed the government, economy and gave Koreans rights they deserved. Firstly, the government of Korea would be different. Since the Korean war, Korea had effectively been a dictatorship. Presidency was passed on in such a manner that there was no way for a different form of government to come in power. This was such until the death of President Park, when General Chun usurped power. Chun’s rule was filled with violent protests and suppressions from the government as the entire nation struggled for democracy, free press and a voice. It started from the 1980 Gwangju Uprising and culminated in the 1987 protest involving over a million people to drive Chun out of presidency. The Gwangju Uprising was the first major movement against the government. Thousands of people were injured and it incited thousands of relatives, students and civilians to join the protests. As claimed by the New York Times, Seoul National University students voted it as the most tragic event in Korea since World War 2, voting it as a more tragic event than the Korean war. Unfortunately, the Korean and US government worked to conceal the event and manipulated media coverage. But today, it is remembered as an admirable act of bravery that lead to Korea’s democratization. Korea held its first fair presidential election in 1987, and nothing has changed since. Without the assassination, millions of people may not have revolted. Park was very popular with the older generation, and even now some of the older generations who were not so educated or updated with news believe that Park Jung Hee was a great leader. In fact, a primary reason why Park Jung Hee’s daughter won the election in 2013 is thanks to the support she got from those who loved her father. Thanks to economical advances during Park’s rule, which will be further examined later, many were ardent supporter of him. Those people would not have protested if Park was alive, therefore countering the argument that protests would happen if Park was alive. So Korea may not be a democracy without the death of Park. Not only did Park’s death directly lead to the first democratic election and eventually the first democratic president through a chain of events, but without Park’s death the government might not have changed. There are other implications if Park had not been assassinated, such as not being able to make international trades, host international events or become the economy that it has, which is the second major effect of Park’s death.Next, the economy could be further behind. TIME states “In 1987, free elections were held after huge pro-democracy protests clogged the streets of Seoul. And what happened? Korea took its economy to an entire new level.” This was because Korea became an innovative country. Now, large electronic companies such as Samsung and LG produce phones and TVs, along with car companies such as Hyundai or KIA. These companies are all thanks to the innovative mindset Koreans were able to have once Korea became a democracy. Park Jung Hee did improve Korea’s economy drastically, and many consider him to be the main reason for the miraculous economic growth Korea had experienced. However, Wall Street Journal commented that “You can’t sustain economic growth over the long run without relaxing political restrictions.’ Park Jung Hee undeniably did make Korea’s economy grow rapidly, but without democracy those aforementioned companies may have never existed. An open political environment in necessary for citizens to spread their ideas, take risks and invent things. Citizens also need access to updated information. Under a dictatorship, information is censored or not given at all, and anything the government dislikes or believes can disrupt the balance of society is banned. And though Korea was allied with the US during the time of Park Jung Hee, surely international trade would have become very difficult soon for Korea, because other first world countries would not have liked to trade with a dictatorship. During 1987-1989, when protests were at its fiercest, Wikipedia shows that Korea’s GDP growth rose by 12.3, 12.2 and 11.7 percent. For reference, the largest growth of GDP in 2016 was Iraq, which grew by 10.06%. Once Korea became a democracy, Korea’s economy grew by tens of percents. With a dictatorship, this never would have happened.Finally, though many considered Park as a great hero, Koreans earned the rights they deserved. Park was considered a hero by many, thanks to the economical growth Korea went through during his time. According to Paul Shin, “Park was a very determined leader, and he was ruthless against his opposition. His iron grip allowed him to carry on the economic development projects at the pace that he demanded.” On The Economist, Michael Schuman talks about leaders and Park: ‘…compelling, yet often flawed, people who forced their nations forward. These were men of broad vision, who were usually obsessed with micro-managing details. The leading exemplar was probably Park Chung-hee, president of South Korea from 1961 until 1979. Park would fly off by helicopter before dawn to inspect the construction of a highway project he believed was critical in linking together his country, …’ Park was set on bringing Korea out of poverty, and many compliment his leadership. Specifically, he helped develop Chaebols, which are families that own large companies. Park let those big companies dominate the domestic market and competed with international companies. By manipulating the Korean market, he let a couple specific companies grow very large in the Korean domestic market, then sent them overseas. Paul Shin states that ‘Because of the unconditional backing from the government, such as tax breaks and cheap local labor, it could compete against higher quality competitors at lower price point and gradually established themselves as premier international brands that later were recognized for lower price but also high quality products.’ These companies such as Samsung and Hyundai drew international attention to other Korean brands, and the money they earned circulated into the Korean economy. Park is also remembered for sending Korean workers to Germany. At the time, the German prime minister was sympathetic to Korean workers because Germany had been in a similar situation only decades ago. This helped Korea’s exporting economy, and the high wages Koreans earned in Germany also came back and helped Korea. So Park guided Korea through it’s poverty, and many consider the ‘miracle’ of Korea is a misnomer, because it was not a miracle, but instead lots of hard work led by Park. On the other hand, Park’s death gave Koreans the rights they deserved. Koreans appreciated the growth in economy, but they wanted a part in important decisions and wished to express themselves with free press. From about 1972, protests were heavily oppressed by Park, who refused to relinquish his absolute control. His government was great for a poor Korea, but once Korea was more successful they wanted human rights. Park described democracy as a gem without luster that poor don’t care about, because they are starved. It was wrong for Park to continuously deny Koreans their rights after Korea was more wealthy. Development of a country is important, but human rights is definitely a priority more important than money, especially when a country is wealthy enough.To conclude, the death of Park changed Korea’s government, economy and earned rights. It undoubtedly helped Korea in numerous ways.https://www.quora.com/How-exactly-did-Park-Chung-Hee-bring-about-rapid-economic-growth-in-South-Korea-and-how-did-his-authoritarianism-lead-to-his-demisehttp://www.economist.com/node/14120062https://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/%EA%B9%80%EC%9E%AC%EA%B7%9Chttps://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/51177568.pdfhttp://business.time.com/2010/11/05/is-democracy-necessary-for-economic-success/


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